Causes of heel cracks

A crack on the heel is not only a cosmetic defect, which causes many inconveniences.

In some cases, this is a sign of a chronic disease or fungal infection. Women with cracked skin on their legs can not afford to wear open shoes, feeling discomfort on the beach, in the pool, gym and in all places where bare feet are required. Let us consider in more detail why cracks appear on the heels, causes, treatment at home with traditional and folk remedies. Let's talk about prevention separately.

Dust and dirt constantly get into the cracks, causing further aggravation of the problem. In addition, even the smallest damage in the foot can cause severe pain, itching, discomfort, burning, because the legs are constantly stressed when walking.

Clinical manifestations of cracked heels

  • cracking on the skin of the foot of various depths
  • itching, burning, pain and discomfort when walking and at rest
  • sometimes unpleasant odor from the feet

The manifold causes of cracking on the heels often complicate the diagnosis, and patients receive only symptomatic treatment. As a result, manifestations that have subsided for a while are felt with new force, the patient's quality of life is sharply reduced, and the risk of infectious complications increases. For effective treatment, it is important to eliminate all the causes of cracks in the heels of the cause, which one patient may have several.

Foot skin anatomy

The skin consists of the epidermis and dermis. The skin of the foot due to its structural features is also called thick skin. The difference between thick and thin skin (all parts of the body except the feet and hands) is the thickness of the epidermis (top layer of skin) The epidermis of the foot consists of five layers of skin, which equals 70 - 100 layers of cells.

The structure of the epidermis of the foot:

  • basal layer
  • spike cell layer,
  • granular layer
  • shiny or radiant layer
  • stratum corneum.


The main cells of the epidermis are called keratinocytes, because they contain keratin protein. Keratin, being the main protein of the skin, performs a protective function.

Causes

Non-Treatment ConditionsExternal aggravating factorsPathological conditions
  • Congenital skin features (dryness, sensitivity)
  • Wrong Shoes
  • Hygiene
  • Excessive care - frequent peeling
  • exposure to sun, wind and cold, temperature changes
  • chlorinated water
  • air pollution
  • dry air
  • work in hot shops, hazardous work
  • smoking and alcohol abuse
  • use of alkaline soap
  • household chemicals - after washing, the fabric of the sock, for example, absorbs a lot of chemical compounds from washing powders and conditioners that adversely affect the skin
  • starvation, diets, a small amount of fluid, vitamins, nutrients entering the body
  • Obesity
  • Mycosis of the feet
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid imbalance
  • Psoriasis
  • Dyshidrosis and exfoliative keratolysis
  • Vitamin deficiency on the background of diets, starvation, digestive disorders, etc.
  • Helminthiasis (helminthic invasion in humans)
  • Nervous system diseases
  • Hormonal disorders or changes (pregnancy, menopause, etc.)
  • Other diseases manifested by thinning of the skin, degradation of nerve fibers and decreased immunity

Non-Treatment Conditions

  • Congenital skin features (dryness, sensitivity)

Congenital dryness of the skin often causes its owner inconvenience. It also causes cracks in the soles of the feet. The most effective way to deal with this feature is the regular use of moisturizers for the feet.An essential component of such creams should be urea and silicone. It must be remembered that with fungal infections, psoriasis and other diseases, many components of creams can aggravate skin damage. Therefore, before using them, you must consult a doctor.

  • Incorrect shoes and hygiene

Incorrect shoes are the second most common cause of cracking heels. In the spring-summer period, sandals, flip flops and shoes open from the heel are gaining popularity. As a result, the skin of the foot is exposed to the mechanical effects of soil, stones, chemical agents, and is often injured. Microcracks eventually turn into infected lesions, causing severe pain. Changing sandals to closed shoes and using socks made of natural fabrics can solve the problem of cracked heels.

Excessively active heel care can also contribute to the occurrence of cracks in the foot; if frequent peeling of the foot is performed, the skin simply does not have time to recover between the procedures and becomes even more active, because the body strives to catch up.

In cases where all the external causes of damage to the skin of the feet are excluded, but the problem remains, it is necessary to consult your doctor and determine the underlying disease.

Deep Crack Algorithm

With the development of cracks in the skin of the foot for first aid, the following measures should be taken, which after 2 weeks will give an excellent result:

  • Buy Clay BF 6 in a pharmacy (60-80 rubles), do not be surprised, this is approved by dermatologists and is recommended for use with such a pathology. Apply a few drops to the clean skin of the crack along its entire length, wait until the glue dries. This is necessary so that the wound heals and does not deepen, in 5 days the crack will heal and the glue will be removed along with the keratinized layer of the skin.
  • Then for 7 days you do not need to do anything. After that, one should make baths in warm water and slowly, not at a time, but gradually clear the foot of keratinized tissues.
  • Immediately after the bath, apply cream with salicylic, lactic, glycolic acid. You can use the cream "Dawn" (veterinary), which includes phloralizin, it is a very effective remedy for cracks in the skin. In the evening and afternoon, use moisturizers.
  • Improve the condition of the skin, including the skin of the legs, can be taken orally on an empty stomach 1 tbsp. tablespoons of olive oil, but it should be borne in mind that this method is not suitable for everyone, for example, it is contraindicated for people with stones in the gallbladder (oil has a choleretic effect).

Obesity

Obesity is gradually becoming the norm due to the steady increase in the number of obese people. Few patients associate foot problems with being overweight. Meanwhile, obesity affects almost all tissues and systems of the body. Large body weight is always a companion of hypertension and increased cholesterol. This triad violates the blood circulation and innervation of the hands and feet, the skin on them becomes thinner, deep cracks appear. Increased stress on the heels exacerbates foot damage. You can diagnose obesity yourself, and treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist.

  • Calculation of body mass index

BMI = mass (kg) / height in sq. (m2)
BMI 18.5 - 24.9 - normal weight

60kg / 1.7 * 1.7m = 21.76

25 — 29,9overweight (overweight)
30 — 34,9initial obesity
35 — 39,9second (middle) degree
more than 40the most severe obesity

This formula will not be absolutely accurate for athletes, seniors, children and pregnant women.

In 95 percent of cases, obesity is alimentary, resulting from regular overeating. So, you can get rid of the effects of obesity by eliminating errors in the diet. And only in five percent of cases, hormonal correction is necessary.It must be remembered that cracks in the heels are not the only and not the most dangerous complication of excess weight.

  • type 2 diabetes mellitus or insulin resistance
  • coronary heart disease, hypertension
  • arthritis, arthrosis
  • hypoventilation syndrome
  • infertility
  • violation of trophic tissue, resulting in a decrease in sensitivity, damage to the skin, frequent microbial complications

The main principle for the treatment of obesity and its consequences is an integrated approach. Lifestyle changes, keeping a food diary, and in severe cases, medication and surgical methods, will get rid of all the troubles, including on the skin of the feet.

Basal layer

It is the innermost layer and performs the function of regeneration (skin repair) New epidermal cells form in it, as old cells gradually die from the surface layer. The complete process of updating the epidermis occurs in 28 days. However, with age or with certain diseases (anemia) This process slows down. The epidermis is not updated with new and high-quality cells, and the skin of the feet, taking on the greatest load, is damaged.

Fungal foot lesions

Often, treatment of cracked heels with moisturizers does not produce the desired result, and similar symptoms appear in other family members. Most likely, in this case, the source of the problem is a yeast or mold. In itself, a fungal infection of the feet cannot cause cracks in the heels, but often they occur simultaneously.

Symptoms of mycosis of the feet:

  • primary lesion of the interdigital folds
  • frequent involvement in the process of nail plates
  • coarsening of the skin, thickening of the stratum corneum
  • sometimes - joining an allergic reaction
  • itching of varying intensity

Usually, the disease begins with subtle peeling or painless cracks in the interdigital spaces. Despite the lack of a vivid clinical picture, the patient is contagious to those around him. After some time, the fungus captures most of the foot, and the disease passes into one of its forms.

Forms of fungal infection of the feet:

  • Intertriginous is the most common form. Characterized by slight redness, peeling and cracking of the skin.
  • Dyshidrotic - the formation of bubbles on the skin of the foot, erosion after opening it is often infected. Allergic rashes and a relapsing character are characteristic.
  • Squamous is the only sign - peeling of the skin.
  • Squamous-hyperkeratic - against the background of peeling, corns are formed, the skin of the foot acquires a crimson hue.

The final diagnosis can be established only after microscopy of the scales of the affected skin. The fungus found there is identified and, depending on the type of mycosis and its form, treatment is prescribed.

With an isolated lesion of the skin of the foot, local antimycotics are used, if damage to the nails has joined, general-purpose drugs are additionally prescribed. In addition, it is necessary to change shoes or to fill up with old antifungal powder.

Granular layer

Consists of 4 - 5 layers of keratinocytes in which proteins are synthesized (keratin, filaggrin) Keratinocytes are interconnected by a kind of cementing substance, thus creating a waterproof barrier in the epidermis. This barrier further prevents the skin from drying out. As this layer becomes thinner, the skin dries and cracks form in it.
In this layer, a compound of complex composition is formed - keratogialin, which under the microscope looks like granules or grains (thanks to what got its name) This substance is a precursor of keratin and performs the protective functions of the skin.

What are the causes of cracking heels?

It is necessary that the skin on the heels is distinguished by smoothness, elasticity, as well as thickness. After all, when walking, she takes on the load of the whole body.If the heel skin loses elasticity, microscopic lesions appear on it. Various factors can affect the fact that subsequently they turn into cracks.

Important! When the skin becomes less elastic and strong, it overdries. Therefore, it is dangerous, for example, to walk barefoot on the hot summer sand, as well as wear open shoes.

Various factors dry the skin layers, and the load leads to cracking of coarse and thick keratinization.

Here are examples of factors that cause drying, coarsening, and therefore, cracking of the skin:

  • drying the skin
  • uncomfortable shoes
  • inadequate foot care
  • deficiency of vitamins A, E, F,
  • skin pathology
  • gastrointestinal diseases
  • various hormonal problems.

Hidden pathologies, among the symptoms of which are cracked heels

If pumice does not help from these cracks, it is better to contact the clinic. It is possible that the inconvenience attributed to improper shoes, in fact, is a symptom of pathology, and it needs to be urgently treated so that there are no serious consequences.

According to experts, cracks in the heels can be a sign of one of five diseases:

    varicose veins. Latent varicose veins can be suspected by noticing cracks in the heels. Swollen veins are sometimes too deep to be visible to the eye. But the vessels are still clogged, due to which the skin ceases to receive nutrition and the heels become covered with cracks. Latent varicose veins are completely incurable. However, it should be treated immediately, otherwise there will be complications,

Important! If you take measures on time, you can get rid of diseases or their complications.

Could a fungus cause cracks in the heels?

The fungus itself is not the cause of cracks in the heels, but it may well be "adjacent" to them. This can be recognized by the following:

  • feet peel off, which manifests itself in the form of scales resembling flour,
  • itching between the fingers, red spots can be seen there.

Note! The fungus is extremely diverse. Although the commercials say that there is an excellent remedy for the fungus (in each video they offer some kind of "miracle" remedy), this is a lie. This disease has many types, and the doctor should prescribe an antifungal medicine. Self-medication in this case can only make the disease chronic.

Diabetes

The problem of damage to the legs, and especially the feet, is acute for people with type 2 diabetes. The cause is progressive neuropathy, the speed of which depends on the treatment of the disease. It is impossible to completely stop the process of trophic disturbances, but it is quite realistic to monitor the level of glucose in the blood and carefully treat the condition of the legs.

Principles of prevention of “diabetic foot”:

  • Maintaining glucose levels close to normal. It is chronic hyperglycemia without proper correction that leads to damage to blood vessels and nerves. It is impossible to restore their function with the help of vascular preparations. Only taking well-chosen sugar-lowering medications or doses of insulin can significantly slow down the formation of neuro- and angiopathy in the legs.
  • Normalization of cholesterol levels (see how to lower cholesterol without drugs). Cholesterol causes blockage of the small vessels of the foot, disrupting an already poor diet.
  • Wearing comfortable and sometimes orthopedic shoes.
  • Proper foot care:
    • all inflammatory processes on the legs of a diabetic should be treated with the help of a specialist (even minor abrasions and cracks)
    • daily washing and drying feet
    • control of water temperature when bathing. The sensitivity of the feet in diabetes is impaired, so it is easy to burn or overcool the feet.
    • to give up smoking
    • regular foot lubrication with urea cream

Getting rid of a problem

To smooth the skin, the causes must be eliminated.When wearing uncomfortable or tight shoes, you need to buy a new, better one, and then provide your feet with care. Heel care products come in handy here.

With the tendency of the skin to crack, shoes with an open heel will only hurt, but silicone heel pads, selected based on the size of the foot, will benefit.

If you go too far with skin care, for example, too keen on peeling it, that one will have too little time to update, and this will lead to its thinning and lower strength. A competent scheduling of procedures and the use of antibacterial and restoration-promoting agents to heal cracks will help here.

If a person walks on the ground or hot sand barefoot, the skin of his feet will dry out and crack. Outdoors, you always need to wear shoes.

The skin often dries up due to a deficiency of vitamins in the body. You need to eat more food rich in vitamins A, E, F. For example:

Important! It is worth drinking at least a couple of liters of water per day.

If cracks are found on the heels, the load on these places should be limited until they heal. So, you have to walk less, sit more.

If you have excess weight, you need to get rid of it.

Psoriasis

The variety of manifestations of this complex disease includes damage to the feet with the formation of cracks on them. The causes of psoriasis have not yet been determined, a hereditary predisposition, chronic infections and imbalance in the immune system play an important role (see causes of psoriasis).

Psoriasis can occur in normal and severe forms. Psoriasis of the palms and soles is classified as a mild, isolated form. Sometimes such symptoms also occur with a generalized lesion. People involved in heavy physical labor are prone to foot damage. On their feet, reddish plaques with white plate peeling form, often combined with nail damage. Plaques can become infected, forming deep cracks and causing pain. The treatment of psoriasis consists of a diet, the use of medications (see ointments for psoriasis), rehabilitation of foci of chronic inflammation (see the treatment of psoriasis at home).

Analyzes

Even the stronger sex sometimes suffer from cracks in the heels. On the other hand, more than 60% of cases of the appearance of such a problem occur in the female half of the population of our planet. Here the women themselves are to blame because of their tendency to some habits caused by the pursuit of an attractive appearance. For example, to wear shoes that do not meet physiological requirements:

It is not surprising if, when wearing such shoes, the skin of the heels is coarsened, covered with calluses, corns. All this causes trouble not only in terms of external attractiveness. From this there is also discomfort.

For cracks in the heels, it is required to take tests:

  • blood sugar
  • blood test for TSH.

It is also important to get advice:

Prior to this, therapy cannot be started. The doctor must determine if any of the following are causing the cracks:

  • gastritis,
  • fungus,
  • psoriasis,
  • atopic dermatitis,
  • hyperthyroidism
  • diabetes,
  • lack of vitamins
  • excess weight.

Note! If cracks become noticeable on the heels and they cannot be removed with a pumice stone, one cannot self-medicate. You should consult a doctor.

Other diseases with damage to the skin of the foot

In medical practice, there are a huge number of pathologies in which cracks on the heels occur directly or indirectly. All of them are susceptible to medical treatment or control. Therefore, it is important to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe effective drugs. If there is discomfort in the area of ​​the foot, cracks and erosion on the sole, which do not disappear after using a moisturizer, it is necessary to undergo an examination.

Getting rid of painful cracks on the heels will allow you to gain freedom of movement.And movement is life!

Stratum corneum

It is the superficial and thickest layer. Its thickness on the foot is more than 600 microns. It consists of keratinocytes graduated from differentiation, which are called horny scales. These flakes are interconnected by a cementitious substance, which is rich in fats. Thanks to these fats, the scales form a dense, normally waterproof layer.

However, due to certain enzymes, in the superficially located layers there is a splitting of this layer. As a result, horny scales begin to be rejected. Thus, there is a constant update of the epidermis, which consists in the rejection of superficial horny scales and the formation of new ones.

Fungal infection

Cracks in the heels can become not only the entrance gate for the penetration of the fungus, but also be a consequence of a fungal infection. Most often, the source of cracks in the legs are such fungal lesions as rubrophytia and epidermophytosis. These are the most common lesions of the skin of the feet. The fungus, developing on the surface of the foot, stimulates the enhanced process of keratinization. The skin as a result of this becomes thickened due to multiple keratinized layers. As is already known, the thicker the stratum corneum, the less flexible it is. Inelastic epidermal cells are more likely to be traumatized while walking.

Fungal infection violates the integrity of the epidermis layers, as a result of which the surface layer of the skin becomes permeable to moisture and the penetration of a secondary infection. This further complicates the situation with cracks.

Dermatitis

Dermatitis of the feet can also cause cracks in the heels. The reason for this is the same loss of elasticity and dry skin. With dermatitis, the skin becomes dry, irritated, more susceptible to trauma. Due to the presence of the inflammatory process, the skin becomes very susceptible to minor injuries. A slight abrasion or scratch on the foot leads to the development of microcracks, and those eventually turn into cracks. In this case, cracks are constantly inflamed, painful and become a gateway for the penetration of numerous infections.

Factors such as long legs, obesity, poor hygiene are risk factors for cracking the heels. Overweight people are at greatest risk, since the entire load is taken by the feet, and with them the skin. If you add to this a long stay on your feet, then cracks in the heels will not keep you waiting.
Neglect of hygiene rules, tight and uncomfortable shoes are factors that, together with the main reasons, contribute to the formation of cracks in the legs.

Elimination of the causes of skin properties

Cracks in the heels are rarely an independent pathology. Basically, they indicate the presence in the body of immune, metabolic or endocrine disorders. Therefore, the treatment of cracks in the heels begins with the elimination of the causes that led to their appearance. To find out the reason, you need to contact a family doctor and go through some research.


Laboratory and instrumental studies to identify the causes of cracks in the heels:

  • general blood analysis,
  • blood chemistry,
  • glucose tolerance test
  • dopplerography of the vessels of the lower limb,
  • microscopy of tissue from the lesion.


General blood analysis
A complete blood count can reveal one of the most common causes of cracked heels - anemia.

Iron deficiency anemia is characterized by:

  • a decrease in hemoglobin concentration of less than 120 grams per liter,
  • erythrocyte count reduction of less than 3.5 x 9 12
  • color index less than 0.9,
  • erythrocytes of various sizes are observed (anisocytosis), erythrocytes of smaller diameter (microcytosis).


A hematologist can confirm or rule out anemia.For a more detailed picture, he can ask some questions, a positive answer to which will testify in favor of anemia.

  • “Has the patient developed unusual food cravings?” For example, an irresistible desire to eat chalk, soil, clay? ”
  • “Are there any preferences for salty, spicy foods?”
  • “Does he have severe weakness?”
  • “Does the patient have frequent heartbeats, shortness of breath when walking?”


Iron deficiency anemia is also characterized by weakness, frequent palpitations and sometimes perverse taste preferences (to chalk, earth).

Iron deficiency anemia is treated with iron preparations. The duration of these medications depends on the degree of anemia and the individual characteristics of each organism. The dose also depends on the degree of hemoglobin reduction and is selected individually.

The list of the most common iron preparations:


Biochemical blood test and glucose tolerance test
A biochemical blood test can reveal different stages of diabetes. As a rule, analysis is given on an empty stomach.

Indicators of a biochemical blood test for diabetes mellitus:

  • fasting glucose more than 5.5 mmol per liter,
  • after eating, glucose levels are more than 8.0 mmol per liter.


After a biochemical analysis, the endocrinologist may recommend a sugar load test or glucose tolerance test. The essence of the test is that after taking a biochemical blood test on an empty stomach, the patient is given a glass of water with 75 grams of dissolved sugar. After that, the patient every half hour to determine the level of glucose.

Blood glucose levels two hours after glucose loading:

  • less than 7 mmol / liter - is regarded as the norm,
  • from 7 to 11 mmol / liter - is regarded as prediabetes,
  • more than 11 mmol / liter - diabetes mellitus.


To clarify the diagnosis, the endocrinologist may ask some questions.

For instance:

  • “Does the patient feel constant thirst?”
  • “Is there dry skin?”
  • “Does he have frequent urination?”


If a person often feels thirst, and the skin is dry and irritated, then he may have diabetes.

In diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemic agents are prescribed that inhibit the formation of glucose in the liver, thereby lowering its level in the tissues and blood. As a rule, drugs are prescribed before meals or during meals. The dose of drugs is selected based on the level of glucose and the presence of diabetes complications (damage to the kidneys, blood vessels of the eye).

Hypoglycemic agents for the treatment of diabetes.


Also a mandatory element in the treatment of diabetes is a diet, which consists in the limited use of carbohydrates (white bread, muffin, sugar).

Dopplerography of the vessels of the lower limb
If the doctor suspects that the cause of the cracks is poor blood supply to the lower extremities, then he can direct the patient to undergo Doppler ultrasound of the vessels of the legs. This diagnostic method evaluates the state of the vessels of the lower extremities, and also determines the speed of blood flow in these vessels.
With angiopathies, there is a decrease in blood flow, the walls of the vessels can be thickened, narrowed, or the blood supply can be completely disturbed in them. Treatment of impaired circulation depends on the cause of the disease.

Drugs that improve blood circulation in the vessels:


Microscopy method
The microscopy method is a publicly available study of fungal infections. Scales from the lesion are treated with a special solution and then examined under a microscope. If a fungus was found in the test material, the dermatologist recommends antifungal treatment.

Antifungal agents used in the treatment of fungal infections of the feet:

  • terbisil cream
  • mycoterbin cream,
  • cream nizoral.

Crack ointments

A drug Mechanism of action Method of use
ointment Balzamed
(contains provitamin B5, vitamin E, vitamin A, glycerin and lactic acid)
The ointment has a moisturizing and nourishing effect on the skin of the feet, prevents the formation of cracks, redness, irritation. Vitamins A and E increase skin resistance to infections and damage.The ointment is applied effortlessly to the area of ​​the cracks with massaging movements. The drug should be used daily after water procedures.
ointment Radevit (containsVitamin E, Vitamin A, Vitamin AD2, emulsion wax and glycerin)The cream stimulates the regeneration of the skin, has an anti-inflammatory and disinfecting effect. Vitamins E, A, and D2 Promote Fast Recovery of Damaged TissuesRadevit is applied in a thin layer twice a day. Before applying the ointment, the skin should be treated with an antiseptic
Lamisil creamThe cream fights infection, prevents and destroys the fungus. Promotes rapid healing of cracks and restoration of affected tissueApply a small amount of cream to problem areas once a day. Before applying the cream, the feet must be washed with warm water and wiped with a towel
cream BioAstin antifungal
(contains flax oil, sage extract, peppermint extract, clove essential oil, tea tree essential oil, urea and allantoin)
The cream has an antifungal effect, fights infections, protects the skin from pathogenic microflora. The oils included in the cream have a softening effect. Extracts and extracts from plants contribute to the rapid healing of cracksApply ointment to cleansed heels
Zazhivin gel
(includestea tree essential oil, milk thistle oil, vitaminFand sage extract)
The gel promotes the rapid healing of cracks in the heels, has a wound healing and bactericidal effectThe cream should be applied before bedtime with massaging movements on previously washed feet
foot cream for cracked heels Ambulance
(contains petrolatum, wax, glycerin, allantoin, olive oil, vitaminsFandE)
The cream has a healing and bactericidal effect. The herbal extracts that make up accelerate the healing of cracks. Oils and wax soften and nourish the skin of the feet. Vitamins activate restoration of damaged skinThe cream is applied to the affected areas. Before applying the cream, you should steam the skin of the feet and treat with pumice. Fix the crack on top with a band-aid, tightening its edges. Wear cotton socks
Dardia Lipo Balm
(contains urea, microcrystalline wax, paraffin, petroleum jelly and corn starch)
Urea in the cream fights dryness, effectively softening rough skin. Wax and paraffin normalize the water balance of the skin. The cream has a restorative effect, promotes the speedy healing of cracksApply in circular massaging movements. Use as a nourishing cream twice a day

Steaming

Foot baths are a gentle and safe way to soften rough skin, for its subsequent removal and moisturization of healthy skin. For best results, add to water:

  1. Healing Essential Oils - sea buckthorn, tea tree, castor.
  2. Herbs - chamomile, plantain, yarrow.
  3. Special products for foot baths. They are available in different formats, for example, Gehwol offers a concentrated liquid cream with lavender.

It is better to refuse aggressive components like salt and soda in the treatment of cracks - despite the pronounced antiseptic effect, if they get into tears, they will cause burning and discomfort.

Rules for holding a foot bath:

  • Perform the procedure before going to bed so as not to injure your already exhausted feet while walking.
  • Do not use too hot or cold water. The optimum temperature is 35-40 degrees.
  • Soak your feet for at least 15-20 minutes. Only during this time the coarsening should soften properly, and will not cause problems when removed.

Alternative methods for treating cracked heels


For the treatment of cracks in the heels, traditional medicine offers:

Compresses
Compresses for the treatment of cracks in the heels moisturize and nourish the skin of the feet. The composition prepared in accordance with the recipe is applied to the affected areas, after which the feet are wrapped with plastic wrap. To enhance the effect, you should wear warm socks, and after removing the product - grease the heels with a fat cream.


The following compresses are used in the treatment of heel cracks:

  • onion compress
  • a compress of apples and milk,
  • potato compress,
  • aloe compress
  • oil compresses.


Onion compress
Onion-based compress has excellent bactericidal properties. The procedure should be repeated at least three times.

To prepare a compress you will need:

  • two medium-sized onions,
  • one teaspoon of soda
  • two liters of warm water
  • cling film
  • clean cloth
  • bandage.


Before applying the compress, the legs should be steamed, holding them in warm water with soda. Next, the onion pulp wrapped in the fabric should be attached to the heels, wrapped with a film and bandaged. Leave the composition overnight, and rinse with warm soapy water in the morning. After removing the onion, the feet should be treated with pumice and grease with a fat cream.

Apple and milk compress
Vitamins and minerals contained in milk and apple nourish the skin of the feet and contribute to the speedy healing of cracks.

In order to prepare a malolactic compress, you should prepare:

  • apples are two pieces of medium size,
  • milk - 200 grams of low fat content,
  • baking soda - one teaspoon,
  • Wheat flour (of necessity).


Cut the apples into small cubes together with the peel, add milk and soda and put on a slow fire in an enameled bowl. Cook for 10 to 15 minutes, until gruel. If the mass is too liquid, you should add one or two teaspoons of wheat flour. After slightly cooling the composition, apply it with a thick layer (0.6 - 1 cm) on the heels with a gauze bandage on top. It should be kept until the compress is warm. You can extend the procedure by wrapping gauze on top with cling film or parchment. Doing an apple-milk compress should be done at least once a week, until a positive result occurs.

Potato compress
Potato compresses have a wound healing antibacterial effect on cracks on the heels. The procedure should be daily for ten days.
To prepare the composition, take three raw potatoes. The vegetable should be grated and gruel applied to the affected areas. You need to hold the compress for one and a half to two hours, after which wash off the composition, treat the heels with a pumice and grease with a nourishing cream.

Aloe compress
Aloe compresses have a softening effect and contribute to the quickest restoration of cracks on the heels. Take a few stems of this plant, chop finely and then soften to a pulp state. Using a plastic film and a bandage, the mass should be fixed on the heels, put on socks on top and leave the compress overnight.

Oil compresses
Oils have a moisturizing and nourishing effect, therefore, are widely used in the fight against cracks on the heels. You should take cotton socks, soak them with warm oil. Wear socks on pre-steamed feet, wrap with cling film on top.

The following types of oils can be used as a base for a compress:

  • olive
  • castor
  • almond
  • corn
  • sunflower.


Glycerin added to any of the above oils will help soften the skin and have an antimicrobial effect. When preparing the oil - glycerin mixture, a proportion of 2: 1 should be observed. Increases the effectiveness of oil compresses a few drops of fir or eucalyptus essential oil.They have a wound healing effect, and also improve blood circulation in the tissues.

Baths
Daily baths are an effective treatment for cracking heels. The key to success in applying this popular method is the systematic conduct of procedures.

As the main ingredient for baths can be used:

  • herbal infusions,
  • starch,
  • sea ​​salt,
  • White wine.


Herbal infusions for foot baths
Herbal baths have a positive effect on heel cracks due to their anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties. For the procedure, you need to prepare a decoction. One tablespoon of dry plants should be poured with a liter of water, brought to a boil and kept on low heat for half an hour. Dilute the broth with water to an acceptable temperature and keep your feet in it for thirty - forty minutes. After the bath, pat your feet with a towel, do a light massage and brush with a nourishing cream.

The following plants are used in the treatment of heel cracks:


You need to use herbs in dry form, purchased at a pharmacy.

Bath with starch
In order to prepare a bath with starch for the feet you will need a liter of warm water and one tablespoon of potato starch. After combining the starch with water, lower the legs into the resulting mass for half an hour. As the composition cools, hot water should be added gradually. Next, wash your feet with warm water without soap, grease with a nourishing cream and put on your socks.
Starch baths well soften the rough skin of the heels and accelerate the healing of cracks. You can enhance the effect of the procedure by adding a few drops of rosemary essential oil, which has an antibacterial effect. Baths should be done daily for eight to ten days. For deep non-healing cracks, replace the water with a decoction of herbs such as calendula, chamomile, St. John's wort (5 grams of each plant in dry form per liter of water).

Supplement the starch bath by applying a special mixture to the affected area. Take in equal proportions aloe juice and onion. Combine with fish oil and so much flour to make a slurry similar in texture to yeast dough. Form cakes from the mixture and attach to the cracks, fixing on top with wax paper or cling film. Wrap the feet with a bandage and put on warm socks. Compress should be left overnight. In the morning, rinse with warm water, and treat the cracks with a strong decoction of calendula or oak bark.

Sea salt baths
Trace elements contained in sea salt help improve blood circulation and restore affected areas on the feet. Also, baths with sea salt have a softening and exfoliating effect. Add one hundred grams of sea salt and one tablespoon of soda to warm water. Hold in the foot solution for fifteen minutes. Blot with a towel and wipe with a slice of lemon. After that, grease the heels with olive oil or any other oil and put on warm socks.

Baths with wine
Trays of wine with the addition of linden have a softening effect on the coarsened skin of the heels and contribute to the rapid healing of cracks. To carry out this procedure, you should take two hundred milliliters of white dry wine and one tablespoon of dried linden flowers. Put the composition on the fire and bring to a boil. Combine a liter of warm water and the resulting broth and dip your feet into it in the resulting solution. Ten minutes later, rub the feet with a washcloth and return them back to the water. Repeat these steps several times. After the water and wine have cooled, pat your feet and spread with nourishing cream or vegetable oil.

Ointments
Ointments prepared according to folk recipes for combating cracks in the heels should be applied before bedtime, leaving overnight. To enhance the effect of the feet, wrap with plastic wrap and wear warm socks.Rinsing off the composition, you need to treat the problem areas with a pumice stone, and then apply vegetable oil, petroleum jelly or emollient cream.


The following products can serve as the basis for ointments:

Carrot and Pork Fat Ointment
Take medium-sized fresh carrots and grate on a fine grater. Melt one hundred grams of pork fat in a water bath. After adding carrots to melted fat, leave the composition on fire for fifteen minutes. Next, strain the mixture through cheesecloth into a glass jar and cool to room temperature. The prepared ointment can be used both independently and as an additional element of care after baths and compresses. Fat softens the skin of the heels well, and the beneficial elements found in carrots nourish the skin. Store ointment in the refrigerator.

Badger Fat Herbal Ointment
The badger fat that is part of this ointment will make the skin of the heels more elastic and elastic, thanks to the vitamins A and E that are part of it. Herbs have a bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effect, prevent the development of infection in the cracks on the heels.

To prepare the ointment, the following ingredients are required:

  • badger fat - fifty milliliters,
  • dried marigold flowers - one teaspoon,
  • dry flowers of celandine - one teaspoon.


Badger fat and plants should be purchased at the pharmacy.
Pour dry herbs with boiling water and hold them in water for one minute. Put the fat in a water bath and ten minutes later add calendula flowers and celandine herbs. Soak the composition in a water bath for thirty minutes, stirring thoroughly and avoiding boiling. Next, the hot fat must be filtered through a sieve and poured into a glass dish. You need to store the ointment in the refrigerator, heating it in a water bath before use.

Vaseline ointment
Excellent bactericidal and wound-healing properties are possessed by plantain ointment, prepared on the basis of Vaseline. Dry leaves of the plant should be ground into fine dust and mixed with a few drops of vegetable, olive or almond oil. Next, connect the composition with petroleum jelly in a ratio of 1: 9.
You can also make calendula ointment based on petroleum jelly. One tablespoon of chopped dried flowers of this plant should be mixed with four tablespoons of petroleum jelly. Calendula ointment stimulates tissue repair, inhibits inflammatory processes and has antibacterial properties.

Removal of coarseness and corns

In the pedicure there is a method of dry removal of coarseness without preliminary soaking - forget about it for the period of treatment of cracks. When mechanically cleaning the feet without soaking them with, say, pumice, the dried skin will react with new tears or an increase in the depth of the old ones.

Rules for stop processing:

  1. Do not treat healthy skin with a pumice or grater.. These tools are designed to remove the coarse layer and can harm a thin, healthy epidermis.
  2. Perform the procedure without fanaticism - if the skin of the feet turned red, tingling and burning sensation are felt, stop the procedure for today. Such symptoms mean that you have removed all the coarseness that has been steamed in the bath. If you are sure that the skin is not smooth enough and roughness remains, repeat the procedure the next day.
  3. Rinse the instrument periodically. The porous surface of the pumice is clogged with removed skin particles, which reduces its abrasive properties.
  4. Treat a tool for exfoliating with hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine. Bacteria develop inside the pumice, which can aggravate the condition of chapped feet.

Moisturizing

Moisturizing the skin in the treatment of cracks is the main step that needs to be repeated daily. It is best to apply twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. Apply the evening after steaming the skin and removing any keratinization.

For moisturizing use:

  1. Creams from cracks, for example from the company Amanita against, Green pharmacy or Recipes grandmother Agafia.
  2. Dr.Foot Balms, Dr. Biocon, Vitex.
  3. Pharmaceutical ointments - Vaseline, calendula.

Home remedies

As an additional care, use homemade masks, compresses and ointments from natural ingredients.

To create home remedies for cracks are used:

  • hydrogen peroxide,
  • honey,
  • beeswax,
  • aloe,
  • vegetables and fruits,
  • oils and herbs.

Mechanical methods for treating cracked heels

Mechanical treatment of heel cracks consists in the removal of rough skin in the affected areas and in the further treatment of wounds with special means.

Cleaning includes the following steps:

  • steaming the skin
  • peeling,
  • crack treatment
  • nutrition and hydration.

Additional measures

Already cracked heels can be protected and cured with the help of special cosmetics. In addition to the usual creams and balms, manufacturers of cosmetics for the feet offer sprays and pads.

    Silicone cushions and linings. Small gel pads are placed inside the shoe, reducing pressure on the heel. Manufacturers offer products of this category at different prices - from 300 to 3000 rubles. For example, Gevol pillows will cost 2000 p.

To maintain healthy feet and avoid cracking, the diet should be rich in vitamins and minerals.

The condition of the skin of the legs is affected by:

  1. Retinol or Vitamin A. It relieves dryness and sensitivity. Contained in fish oil, carrots, liver, herbs.
  2. Riboflavin or Vitamin B. Regulates the renewal of the skin and its regeneration. To fill the vitamin deficiency, dairy products, liver, eggs are taken.
  3. Pyrodoxin, known as Vitamin B6. Not replaceable in the fight against skin diseases, including fungal infections. It is found in large quantities in cereals, nuts, and legumes.
  4. Ascorbic Acid - Vitamin C. It is responsible for the production of collagen, promotes skin renewal.
  5. Tocopherol - Vitamin E. Starts the process of natural skin hydration. High concentration of tocopherol in nuts, cabbage, sea buckthorn.
  6. Biotin - Vitamin H. Stimulates cell regeneration. Biotin contains pork and beef liver, bran and legumes.

TOP 7 causes of cracking on the heels

When walking, not only bone and articular formations are exposed to increased loads, but also the cover of the foot.

During movement, the skin stretches, contracts, deforming its own cells. The lateral surfaces of the heel, where the greatest tension is created, are subject to particular changes. When hyperkeratosis joins these processes, the stratum corneum is significantly thickened. Moreover, with an increase in size, its elasticity is lost, and accordingly, under the usual loads, the skin begins to crack, burst.

So, what causes cracks in the heels? Here are the TOP 7 main causes in adults:

  1. Fungus. Mycosis of the feet is one of the most common ailments. Those who visit public beaches, pools, showers without shoes have a high risk of infection. Spores are well preserved in a humid environment. Very often, the fungus develops in people with an active lifestyle, this is a constant sweating of the feet. Since overheating almost 2 times increases the likelihood of developing an ailment. In addition to cracks, dermatophytosis is manifested by itching, burning, deformation of the nails.
  2. Diabetes. With "diabetic foot" changes are characterized by the absence of pain. Glucose violates not only trophic tissue, but also affects nerve fibers, changing sensitivity. Regular deterioration in blood supply leads to changes in the skin of the legs. After all, blood supplies not only oxygen, but also all nutrients. Diabetes can also be manifested by dry covers, the formation of ulcers, scuffs, and deep cracks. Deformation of the foot is possible - hammer-like or hooked toes.
  3. Hypovitaminosis. Insufficiency of vitamins A (retinol), E, ​​trace element zinc, can lead to excessive dryness, reduced elasticity, dystrophic changes.
  4. Anemia Iron deficiency not only affects the supply of oxygen to tissues. The trace element is also found in tissues, taking part in the formation of proteins and enzymes. If it becomes insufficient in the body, then the division and structure of cells is violated leading to dystrophic changes. Epidermal cells, which are updated quite often, are most prone to negative effects. To skin manifestations of iron deficiency anemia include.
  5. Spinal problems. Often, radicular symptoms disrupt the innervation of the lower extremities. Almost the whole process suffers, which makes the skin on the legs thin, vulnerable, with poorly healing wounds. Typically, such problems begin with prolonged compression of the root, especially with compression of several formations.
  6. Skin diseases - ichthyosis, psoriasis, plantar keratoderma. The most extensive factor that changes the skin on the heels. With dermatoses, the integuments dry out, become susceptible to external influences, become inflamed. Any effect can provoke microtrauma, which subsequently develops a deep skin lesion - a crack. And often they become the gateway to a secondary infection, which only exacerbates the problem.

7) External factors. Usually these are “provocateurs” of problems that, with constant exposure, can cause a violation of the integrity of the skin of the heels.

What can provoke cracks:

  • Obesity - overweight significantly increases pressure on the foot. In addition, this condition is often accompanied by metabolic disorders, which also negatively affects the skin.
  • Close, uncomfortable shoes - the wrong selection of shoes can threaten an increased, uneven load. And it is dangerous not only too narrow shoes, but also worn backs, a spaced pair. In the latter, the leg is not fixed, therefore, when walking, it constantly rubs, which provokes coarsening and other “joys”.
  • Deformation of the feet - flat feet, halus valgus, clubfoot also lead to a redistribution of load and over time provoke the appearance of corns, corns, hyperkeratosis.
  • Stand-up work or a long stay “on one's feet” - in such cases, increased pressure is observed almost every day, each does not cope with the resulting microtraumas, triggering increased reproduction of the stratum corneum cells, and the old ones do not have time to peel off due to active growth, leading to coarsening, dryness and later on to cracks.

For a more detailed analysis of why heel damage appears, we will consider each of the reasons separately.

How to treat cracks?

It is necessary to seek help from a specialist. A dermatologist will help determine the cause of cracking on the heels and prescribe the appropriate treatment. If necessary, he can refer you to a consultation with an endocrinologist or gastroenterologist.

If a number of skin or fungal diseases are detected, the dermatologist will be able to prescribe a course of special treatment and give recommendations on skin care for the legs. In some cases, with especially deep cracks that can form with diabetes mellitus and other serious diseases, antibiotic ointments are recommended to the patient.

Cracks in the heels of the cause and treatment

The main reason for the development of dryness and cracking of the skin of the foot is hyperkeratosis - a thickening of one of the layers of the epidermis with its roughening. To understand the processes a little, we will arrange a small input into the histology. On the heels, our skin is thick and consists of 5 layers:

Hyperkeratosis affects precisely the outermost layer (horny). It has the most dense structure and the greatest thickness. The main component is keratinocytes, which are combined into scales connected by a special cement.Normally, this structure provides maximum water resistance and protection.

Under the influence of internal or external factors, the stratum corneum begins to excessively divide to neutralize trauma.

There is no time to do it, and soon the skin will begin to burst

When walking, not only bone and articular formations are exposed to increased loads, but also the cover of the foot. During movement, the skin stretches, contracts, deforming its own cells. The lateral surfaces of the heel, where the greatest tension is created, are subject to particular changes. When hyperkeratosis joins these processes, the stratum corneum is significantly thickened. Moreover, with an increase in size, its elasticity is lost, and accordingly, under the usual loads, the skin begins to crack, burst.

The main causes of cracked heels:

  1. Fungus.
  2. Diabetes.
  3. Hypovitaminosis.
  4. Anemia
  5. Spinal problems.
  6. Skin diseases - ichthyosis, psoriasis, palmar - plantar keratoderma.
  7. External factors

For a more detailed analysis of why heel damage appears, we will consider each of the reasons separately.

Fungal diseases

Mycosis of the feet is one of the most common ailments. Those who visit public beaches, pools, showers without shoes have a high risk of infection. Spores are well preserved in a humid environment. Very often, the fungus develops in people with an active lifestyle, this is a constant sweating of the feet. Since overheating almost 2 times increases the likelihood of developing an ailment.

In addition to cracks, dermatophytosis is manifested by itching, burning, deformation of the nails.

Foot baths

Trays are designed for steaming the stratum corneum. So the skin is better suited to procedures to eliminate the coarse dermis. Such therapy is very pleasant and gives a lot of pleasure.

However, like any other methods, it has contraindications:

  • sores, skin lesions,
  • allergy,
  • individual intolerance,
  • the first day after the pedicure.

Baths are made very simple. Water at a comfortable temperature is poured into the pelvis, and funds are added, depending on the type of therapy. Then the legs are lowered into the pelvis and steamed for 10-15 minutes.

For therapeutic purposes, baths are done daily. Then - once a week to maintain the result.

Additives for baths in a ratio of 2 liters of water:

  • peat oxidate
  • milk + starch 2 tbsp.,
  • hot whey
  • 2 tbsp soda + a little liquid soap,
  • 30 grams of starch,
  • about 1 liter of a decoction of chamomile or calendula,
  • Herbal collection of hypericum and nettle.

To soften the skin, the usual bath salt, which is sold in any cosmetics store, is also suitable.

Compresses and masks

Compresses and masks are applied after baths or after a shower. As part of the course of therapy, procedures are done daily, and then 1-2 times a week.

There are 10 basic recipes:

  1. A mixture of glycerin and apple cider vinegar (2: 1).
  2. 100 gr. mix flour with 1 tbsp. l vegetable oil and 30 gr. melted honey. The mask is applied at night, socks are put on top.
  3. Curd compress from one ingredient.
  4. A mixture of any cosmetic oils. Olives, grape seed, corn and jojoba are best suited.
  5. Vitamin E Capsules
  6. Butter.
  7. A mixture of grated apple, beer and butter. For one fruit is 100 ml of beer and 2 tbsp. l oils.
  8. Mass from ammonia 10% and glycerol (1: 1).
  9. Medical bile.
  10. Chopped celery greens and butter (1: 1).

Natural cotton socks are recommended to be worn over compresses so that the skin breathes.

Natural ointments and creams

Creamy products can be prepared by yourself.

Recipe 1. Ingredients:

  • badger fat,
  • a decoction of celandine and calendula.

  1. The fat is heated in a water bath.
  2. Ready broth is poured into heated badger fat.
  3. The ingredients are mixed together.

After the mixture has cooled, apply it to the affected areas. The ointment should be heated before each use.

Recipe 2. Ingredients:

  • vinegar 9% - 50 ml,
  • glycerin - 50 ml.

The components are mixed together and applied to the heels of bedtime. Cotton socks are put on top.

  • petroleum jelly,
  • a mixture of dried herbs calendula and plantain.

The ratio of petroleum jelly and grass is 1 to 10. The components are mixed together, and the finished mixture is applied to the skin of the feet.

You can add 1-2 drops of essential oil to ready-made home ointments for the best effect.

Peeling

Peeling is the process of removing the surface layers of the skin. You should know that measures to clean the heels of dead skin should be carried out no more than once a week.

The following products can be used for heel cleaning procedures:

Pumice
Pumice for the treatment of cracks in the heels should have medium pores. Preference should be given to products of natural origin. Take a pumice stone and in a circular motion walk through coarsened areas without affecting areas with healthy skin. If pain occurs, the procedure should be discontinued.

Pedicure grater
Begin to process the heels with a pedicure grinding grater from the center of the foot to the heel. Throughout the procedure, the heels should be moistened with a damp towel.

Scrub
Rough skin can be removed from the heels using a special tool with abrasive particles. You can buy a scrub at a pharmacy, specialty store, or cook it yourself.

The following products can be used as the main ingredient for scrub:

  • ground natural coffee,
  • fine sea salt,
  • corn flour.


Mix two tablespoons of any of the above products with liquid soap until gruel. Apply the composition to the feet and rub in problem areas in a circular motion. The duration of the procedure is five minutes. Rinse your feet with warm water and dry with a clean towel.

Crack treatment

After the dead skin on the heels has been removed, the cracks should be treated with a disinfectant. Pour three percent hydrogen peroxide inside the wounds. Blot the surface of the crack with a cotton pad. Next, treat the problem area with a cream, which includes salicylic, glycolic or lactic acid. To purchase these funds should be in a pharmacy. After processing, it is worth bandaging the feet and putting on cotton socks.

Nutrition and hydration

To nourish and moisturize dry skin of the feet, creams should be used, which include the following ingredients:

  • lanolin - softens the skin (Gehwolmed, ointment for cracks),
  • Vitamin A - fights infections (foot cream homemade recipes),
  • Vitamin E - prevents skin damage (cream healer with urea),
  • Vitamin B5 - promotes wound healing (cream balm),

Vitamin F - makes the skin supple (cream ambulance from cracks).

First aid

At a time when only the first cracks are visible, you can take certain measures yourself.

For the treatment of deep, continuously growing cracks, it is important to use cyanoacrylate-based superglue. This is sold everywhere - from markets to pharmacies. The skin of the foot must be washed with soap and a towel before application. Next, drip glue along the length of the crack, allow several minutes to solidify. Despite the exotic and seeming insecurity of the technique, doctors treat it positively.

With good adhesion to the edges of the crack, its bottom heals at a fairly good pace. From five days to a week, any other treatment is contraindicated. And then keratinization can be gradually removed with glue.

After a period of five days to a week from the application of glue, the coarsened skin of the feet at times should be soaked in a warm bath, gently grinding with a pumice stone. But not sharply, but gradually!

To exfoliate keratinization accelerated, it is recommended to use funds with keratolytics immediately after using pumice.

Twice a day, you can use moisturizers for external use.

Important! To make the effect more pronounced, it is recommended to wear cotton socks before bedtime. The benefit can be seen literally in two to three weeks.

When to see a doctor

There are times when creams, masks and oils can no longer be corrected.

Contact a specialist if:

  1. More than 7 days have passed since the start of self-treatment, but there is no positive trend.
  2. Ruptures on the heels more than 1 mm in depth - in such cases, it is better to trust the doctor who will select the appropriate treatment.
  3. In the presence of diseases causing cracks. With diabetes, hypervitaminosis or anemia, masks and creams will not help, and time for treatment will be missed,

For diagnosis, consultation and treatment, contact:

  • Dermatologist - deals with skin diseases.
  • Podolog - treatment of foot problems.
  • Therapist - A general practitioner who will collect information about the symptoms and refer you to the right specialist.

Hypovitaminosis

Insufficiency of vitamins A (retinol), E, ​​trace element zinc, can lead to excessive dryness, reduced elasticity, dystrophic changes.

  1. If vitamin deficiency E is observed, the protective function of the skin decreases, the cells are dehydrated. Increased friction, loads become unbearable for weakened covers, so they can burst under the influence of external factors.
  2. Deficiency A provokes keratinization of the skin, since this element promotes adequate renewal. In the absence of a nutrient, coarsening begins, elasticity is lost, which can subsequently lead to cracks.
  3. Zinc prepares the body for the absorption of retinol, helping it to be active.

Prevention

In order not to have to treat running tears on the heels, follow a few simple rules that will protect you from an unpleasant problem:

  1. Moisturize your feet regularly. It is not enough to apply the cream 1-2 times a week - you need to do this daily.
  2. Wear quality shoes. Shoes made of materials of dubious quality, and even incorrectly selected in size, become the cause of the formation of corns. It is lingering corns that often cause cracking.
  3. Do not take too hot a bath and do not spend in water for more than 20 minutes. Such procedures suck out moisture from the skin, make it dry and thinned.
  4. Use silicone shoe pads. Special orthopedic pads are glued inside the shoe to the location of the heel and soften the pressure when walking. The cost of the inserts differs depending on the manufacturer. For example, Scholl gel pads cost about 450 p. for a couple.
  5. Exfoliate dead skin at least twice a week. Regular use of pumice, grater or scrub allows you to rid your feet of corns and prevent them from breaking.

Regularly moisturize your skin, use specialized products, do not neglect the systematic treatment of the feet and you can forget about tearing the skin. Have you ever had a problem with cracked heels? Tell us in the comments what helped solve the problem!

Causes of cracks

There are a lot of reasons why the heels crack on the legs. From a number of available, 2 most common factors are distinguished:

  • Vitamin A deficiency
  • Wrong Shoes

In some situations, deficiency is observed in childhood. Cracks in the heels also appear with a lack of vitamin in women during pregnancy. Most often, this reason leads to serious consequences. Therefore, it is better to immediately seek help from doctors.

Cracks also appear with a lack of trace elements zinc and vitamin E, which help retinol to go into active form.

With a lack of vitamin in the body, the appearance of cracks in the heels of women can be identified by the following signs:

  • Dry skin in the hands and face
  • Acne Acne
  • Frequent colds, complicated by visual impairment, genital diseases
  • Dry skin age

People after 40 years of age are faced with a change in metabolism, this leads to severe dryness, in addition, the skin becomes very thin.

Very often, the heels crack in the summer season, when people switch to flip flops. If the summer shoes are picked up incorrectly, cracks appear, corns. In rare situations, with improperly selected low-quality shoes, deformation of the foot occurs.

In addition to the main reasons, you need to know why cracks appear on the heels, in equally important situations.

  • Fungus - the heel is cracking on the feet due to the appearance of reflex wounds, a fetid smell, exfoliating epithelium.
  • Diseases of the endocrine system - in the presence of diabetes, the body is dehydrated, dryness and wounds on the feet occur, and as a result, cracked heels.
  • Injury of the foot - walking without shoes is recommended only on clean sand, since pathogenic microbes can get through the wounds and cracks.
  • The presence in the body of a parasitic form
  • Rigid diet - improper nutrition affects the body not receiving the necessary elements, which leads to dry skin.
  • Excess body weight - a large load on the foot contributes to the appearance of cracking heels
  • Smoking - leads to a vascular disturbance in the legs, which is why the heels crack.

The causes of cracks in the heels may lie in the banal non-observance of hygiene rules, which include washing feet with soap, socks, clean tights, socks.

If the cracked heels dry and crack, you need to contact a dermatologist, endocrinologist. Also pass a series of tests and be completely examined.

Anemia

Iron deficiency not only affects the supply of oxygen to tissues. The trace element is also found in tissues, taking part in the formation of proteins and enzymes. If it becomes insufficient in the body, then the division and structure of cells is violated leading to dystrophic changes.

Epidermal cells, which are updated quite often, are most prone to negative effects. To skin manifestations of iron deficiency anemia include.

What to do with large and deep cracks?

With the development of cracks in the skin of the foot for first aid, the following measures should be taken, which after 2 weeks will give an excellent result:

  1. Buy Clay BF 6 in a pharmacy (60-80 rubles), do not be surprised, this is approved by dermatologists and is recommended for use with such a pathology. Apply a few drops to the clean skin of the crack along its entire length, wait until the glue dries. This is necessary so that the wound heals and does not deepen, in 5 days the crack will heal and the glue will be removed along with the keratinized layer of the skin.
  2. Then for 7 days you do not need to do anything. After that, one should make baths in warm water and slowly, not at a time, but gradually clear the foot of keratinized tissues.
  3. Immediately after the bath, apply cream with salicylic, lactic, glycolic acid. You can use the cream "Dawn" (veterinary), which includes phloralizin, it is a very effective remedy for cracks in the skin. In the evening and afternoon, use moisturizers.
  4. Improve the condition of the skin, including the skin of the legs, can be taken orally on an empty stomach 1 tbsp. tablespoons of olive oil, but it should be borne in mind that this method is not suitable for everyone, for example, it is contraindicated for people with stones in the gallbladder (oil has a choleretic effect).

Special ointments

Useful ointment with plantain on a vaseline basis, which can be done independently. Gum or calendula oil is also added to it. Apply the product only on clean feet, after removing keratinization.

Egg yolk ointment is suitable. Ingredients:

  • vinegar - 1 tsp.,
  • rast. oil - 1 tbsp. l.,
  • yolk - 1 pc.

Stir until smooth, apply on washed feet.Wrap with polyethylene, put on a sock. Leave until morning. Wash off the rest in the morning, use pumice.

A mixture of tetracycline ointment and apple cider vinegar is useful against cracks and corns. The procedure is as follows.

  • foot bath with soda,
  • the use of pumice,
  • ointment,
  • cellophane wrapping,
  • putting on socks.

On the second evening, everything needs to be repeated, only to use here you need to have gauze soaked in a mixture of vinegar and ointment. All this should be carried out three to four times a month or when the need is felt.

Note! Propolis and vitamins A, E and F should be used in remedies for deep cracks on the heels.

If such damage appeared due to the vital activity of microorganisms, for example, a fungus, any folk remedies are useless here. Any care will not help here. In this case, you should go to the clinic.

And provided that the reason for the discomfort was the wrong shoes or poor hygiene, you just need to change the conditions to safe.

Fungus (mycosis)

Fungal pathologies of various origins are often the reason why the heel begins to crack. Doctors distinguish one of the common diseases - mycosis.

Mycosis infection affects the skin of the foot through small cracks, diverges throughout the body, provoking pathologies of internal organs. The disease can pass from person to person through pathogenic exfoliating skin cells.

Of the main symptoms of skin fungus, there are:

  • Peeling
  • Dryness and cracking
  • Erosion and bubbles

By correcting its provocative factor, you can get rid of the problem. To eliminate fungal infection from the heels, it is recommended to constantly treat the legs using an antiseptic. The most effective are ointments.

  • Betadine
  • Miramistin
  • Levomekol
  • Zinc ointment
  • Resorcinol

If the heels already have cracks, PCR diagnostics will be required. A dermatologist will detail the results of the studies. Also, the doctor will prescribe the necessary therapy.

Spinal problems

Often, radicular symptoms disrupt the innervation of the lower extremities. Almost the whole process suffers, which makes the skin on the legs thin, vulnerable, with poorly healing wounds. Typically, such problems begin with prolonged compression of the root, especially with compression of several formations.

Heels are burning

Beauty salon at home

You can get rid of such a problem in a beauty salon. Everything is tied to skin treatment there. The excess skin layers are removed from the patient’s legs, the edges of the wounds are treated according to special methods. However, there are procedures that can be performed at home. These include contrast baths.

Two containers are used here: in one the water is hot, in the other it is cold. Legs are lowered into one or the other. Here is the maximum of how much it is allowed to keep legs in water of a certain temperature:

  • cold - 15 seconds
  • hot - 3 minutes.

Note! This improves blood circulation, increasing skin tone.

For therapy and prevention after washing your feet, you can use heated vegetable oils. Olive is recommended here: it is good to use for any place on the skin. And rubbing it, you can simultaneously massage the area.

Skin diseases

The most extensive factor that changes the skin on the heels. With dermatoses, the integuments dry out, become susceptible to external influences, become inflamed. Any effect can provoke microtrauma, which subsequently develops a deep skin lesion - a crack. And often they become the gateway to a secondary infection, which only exacerbates the problem.

External factors

Usually these are “provocateurs” of problems that, with constant exposure, can cause a violation of the integrity of the skin of the heels.

What can provoke cracks:

  • Obesity - overweight significantly increases pressure on the foot.In addition, this condition is often accompanied by metabolic disorders, which also negatively affects the skin.
  • Close, uncomfortable shoes - the wrong selection of shoes can threaten an increased, uneven load. And it is dangerous not only too narrow shoes, but also worn backs, a spaced pair. In the latter, the leg is not fixed, therefore, when walking, it constantly rubs, which provokes coarsening and other “joys”.
  • Deformation of the feet - flat feet, halus valgus, clubfoot also lead to a redistribution of load and over time provoke the appearance of corns, corns, hyperkeratosis.
  • Stand-up work or a long stay “on one's feet” - in such cases, increased pressure is observed almost every day, each does not cope with the resulting microtraumas, triggering increased reproduction of the stratum corneum cells, and the old ones do not have time to peel off due to active growth, leading to coarsening, dryness and later on to cracks.

Petroleum jelly

It is based on the main means against such damage. Vaseline itself also benefits: it softens and moisturizes the skin.

It must be used before bedtime. Feet are steamed in water with boric acid: 1 tsp. per liter of water. Smear petroleum jelly, stick a patch and leave it overnight.

Important! Repeat the procedure in the evenings until the effect is obtained.

You can use beeswax:

  • equally heat paraffin, salicylic acid, beeswax, mix,
  • apply the mixture on the heel with a cotton swab,
  • let dry
  • repeat 2-3 times
  • reinforce the resulting film with a bandage,
  • wait a day
  • make a soap-soda foot bath,
  • remove the film
  • use pumice.

During pregnancy

Why does heel skin crack when a woman becomes pregnant? Cracks in the heels during pregnancy appear due to a strong weight gain. The weight pressure on the feet increases many times.

Also, in pregnant women, the heels cracked with excessive care for the feet, frequent mechanical stresses (peeling). An excessively fat-free skin cover becomes fragile, cannot recover normally and bursts during movement.

Cracks can bleed, women lose their peace of mind, worry. This can lead to insomnia, which is harmful to the expectant mother and child.

Often doctors, if the heel begins to crack, prescribe iron preparations during pregnancy. Lack of iron with trace elements can cause cracks.

The skin is destroyed due to the formation of fungus on the legs, malfunction of the kidneys. These factors are characteristic of pregnant women. Why the heels began to crack, a serious chronic ailment can result, as a result of which there is swelling of the legs, chronic renal inferiority. As a result, overdried skin of the feet, especially on the heels.

When such symptoms occur, you should immediately contact a urologist.

Diagnostics

First of all, fungus and skin diseases should be excluded. To do this, contact the skin and venereologic dispensary, where they will make a scraping from the skin to detect mycoses.

A biochemical and general blood test, as well as a glucose tolerance test, should also be taken.

For patients with diabetes, it is necessary to pass a doppler of the vessels of the lower extremity.

Analysis rate

TitleIndicators (norm)
hemoglobin120 g / l and more
glucose3.3 to 5.5

Antibiotic ointments

To prevent infection, deep cracks are softened with an antibiotic ointment. It must be applied in circular motions. Usually, creams with propolis or vitamins A and F are used for similar purposes.

Heel Crack Treatment

When cracks appear on the heels of men and women, it is important to understand that treatment should be carried out with the elimination of the disease that caused the pathology, and not the symptoms. For this reason, many people cannot get rid of the problem on their heels on their own.

Effective treatment requires careful attention to the symptoms, which indicate what problems are occurring in the body. For example, if a man’s heel is cracking constantly, then this is probably a sign of a serious ailment - gastritis or endocrine system failure.

To deal with the problem, you need to see a doctor to identify the cause of the pathology. The specialist will also tell you how to treat cracks in the heels of men and women.

If there is a disease, effective methods of treating cracks are as follows:

  • Antibacterial medicines containing terbinafine will help get rid of the fungus. Extremities need to be washed in soda solution, wiped with a towel or dried in air.
  • When the heel begins to crack due to diabetes, special preparations are prescribed that protect the skin and have antibacterial properties.
  • If dry skin caused cracking of the heels, but they are not deep, in this case you can make hot baths by adding baking soda and laundry soap. Thanks to this method, the heels will become smooth and soft.
  • If the heel begins to crack due to the presence of parasites in the body, then antiparasitic therapy is carried out. Prescribe special teas, a homeopathic medicine of chin and qing.
  • The heel will crack if there are not enough vitamins and minerals in the body. They recommend using a multivitamin complex.

If the heel begins to crack, you can purchase a cream or ointment in a pharmacy:

The use of special nutrients, as a rule, is carried out in the morning after sleep and in the evening, before going to bed. To enhance the effect of medical procedures, you should pre-steam your feet in a bath of sea salt for half an hour. Additionally, the heels can be treated with pumice, removing the keratinized layers.

All funds are practically based on petroleum jelly. Therefore, if heels began to crack, you can try to apply petroleum jelly.

The child may also crack the heel. In this case, you need the help of a specialist who will advise how to treat the problem. If the child is healthy, then regeneration will take place faster than adults. You will need to follow the rules of hygiene and apply moisturizing baby creams. You also need to monitor the nutrition, change the shoes of the baby, if it is made of low-quality material, and the heel will no longer crack.

Lot of potatoes

For the bath, you need to boil 4 potatoes in 2 liters of water. Then pour the broth into the basin, add 2 tsp. soda. The bath should be warm, lower your legs for 20 minutes.

Boiled potatoes are kneaded and a compress is placed on the heel with a thick layer until morning awakening. The ointment can be applied after removing the lotion with warm water, rubbing the heel with a pumice stone.

Olive oil

Finally, the skin on the heel softens and smoothes the daily rubbing with olive oil after bath. Sometimes a powerful massage with a fat cream is useful: you need to massage the heels, kneading, in the process using a warmed cream. This improves the blood supply to the feet, making cracks heal better. After that, put on cotton socks.

Clinic call

If there is no effect from all these methods, you need to contact a dermatologist. He will determine where the cracks came from, prescribe a therapeutic course. If necessary, refer to an endocrinologist or gastroenterologist.

Important! Do not delay with a doctor's visit - this is necessary to identify the exact cause of such a problem.

If a fungus is found, or, as an option, any other skin pathology, the specialist will prescribe certain drugs and give recommendations on how to care for your legs. If the cracks are very deep, which is not excluded in severe diseases, the doctor may prescribe one or another ointment with antibiotics.

Ethnoscience

There are several alternative therapeutic methods for a similar problem.

MethodDescription
At night, spread on sore spots or, as an option, on the entire area of ​​the heels of honey. To put on a bag from cellophane, over - socks. Getting out of bed, then remove both, wash off the honey residue. Repeat three to four times.

Cook oatmeal (about 400-500 g). Knead there 5 tbsp. l vegetable oil (flaxseed recommended). Divide the porridge into two or three parts, put in strong plastic bags. Putting a basin of water near the bed, such that it was just warm by the time of removal (it is better to do this beforehand - it’s not very convenient to move in bags filled with porridge). Put packages on your feet and put your feet in warmth. Wait two to two and a half hours. Wash your legs in a basin, pat with a towel. Repeat for a week.

Nettle pick and dry or purchase a pharmacy. 2 tbsp herbs placed in 1 liter of boiling water. Insist until cool. Lower your legs there. Hold for 15 minutes. Repeat for two to three weeks.

Mix vodka, glycerin, table vinegar - 100 ml each. Moisten a linen cloth with this. Attach to steamed heels before bedtime. Waking up in the morning, remove everything, and wash your feet. Repeat while going to bed.

Grind the burdock root so that in the end you can half fill the glass. Melt in an enamel bowl 0.1 kg of butter. Add burdock and simmer for 5 minutes over low heat. The product should be stored in the refrigerator.

In the spring, at the time of flowering, to collect various wildflowers. Place in a pan with boiling sunflower oil. Stir, cover tightly. Turn off the stove, insist means all night. Having got out of bed, spread the feet with oil, put on plastic bags, fix them on top with socks. Pass this way until the evening. Repeat 2-3 times a week.

Other folk methods:

  • greasing the skin on the heels with resin ate,
  • lotions with grated onion / apple - with shallow cracks,
  • the use of hot compresses from the steamed roots of elecampane every day,
  • the use of zinc ointment,

Which specialist is needed?

If there are cracks on the heels, you need to consult a dermatologist or cosmetologist. In this case, it is worthwhile to undergo an examination with a therapist to find out if this symptom is associated with diseases of the internal organs. If necessary, consult a nutritionist, gastroenterologist and endocrinologist.

To summarize

Cracks in the heels can occur for various reasons. Worst of all, if such a problem is a consequence of diseases of the internal organs. If you can’t get rid of it on your own, it’s better not to delay visiting a doctor, because by this symptom, it may be possible to detect and prevent the spread of an internal disease.

Foot fungus therapy

It is extremely difficult to get rid of this ailment. Treatment should be comprehensive and include the removal of external manifestations (cutting scales and seals, removing affected nails). Hyperkeratosis is usually removed using chemistry - the application of lactic and salicylic acid, a bath of soda and soap.

Be sure to use antifungal ointments, varnishes - miconazole, clotrimazole, etc. If the course is persistent, and the proposed creams do not help, then systemic antimycotics - fluconazole, ketoconazole, etc. are prescribed.

Watch the video: HOW TO TREAT DRY, CRACKED HEELS (April 2020).