After a lingering autumn slush, the first winter frost seems refreshing and invigorating. However, for some of us, these joyful sensations pass quickly due to unpleasant symptoms.
An allergy to cold is not necessarily a winter phenomenon. It can occur at any time of the year as soon as the air or water changes its temperature in the direction of lowering.
The origins of this disease lie in the weak defenses of the body, chronic diseases of the ENT organs, gastrointestinal tract and oral cavity, and women are much more susceptible to it than men.
More recently, a cold allergy was not an officially recognized disease. Experts denied it, since no allergen is present in this case. However, an irritant that causes characteristic manifestations on the skin and in other places is still there - it is cold.
The cells of the epidermis, located closer to its surface, are very sensitive to hypothermia in individuals. Their reaction to a temperature drop is the release of histamine, which leads to allergies.
Intolerance to low temperatures is rarely present in healthy and strong people. This symptom is a signal of weak immunity and the development of other diseases in the body.
The causes of cold allergies are:
- in general weakening of the body (sometimes due to helminthiasis),
- long-term use of antibiotics,
- in the presence of an infection of various nature,
- in failures in the endocrine system,
- in a painful reaction to stress.
Cold allergies in children, especially very young children, are a fairly common occurrence, since their immunity is not yet formed. Often, a hereditary factor can be traced in the appearance of this disease: if the father or mother were especially sensitive to cold weather, then the child will also have an allergy to cold.
This disease can be acquired by children even after a normal visit to the pool or eating ice cream. So parents should not be surprised why the child has all the signs of allergy from frost, although summer is in the yard.
Cold Allergy - Symptoms
How does an allergy to cold manifest? The main signs are redness of the skin, not protected by clothing, from exposure to low temperature air. Unlike the usual blush caused by the expansion of blood vessels and a rush of blood to the cheeks after returning to the room from the street, such redness does not pass for a very long time.
Common symptoms of cold allergies present in most people prone to this pathological phenomenon:
- Swelling, redness of the skin on the face and rashes on the hands.
- Burning and itching of the skin on the cheeks and in the forehead - as a response to wind and hypothermia.
- Rashes in the form of pimples and small blisters in closed areas - hips, ankles or throughout the body.
- Signs of a respiratory illness (sneezing, runny nose) that appear in the cold but disappear in a warm room.
- Weakness and headaches.
An allergy to cold on the hands is expressed in a strong overdrying of the skin, which becomes very vulnerable, sometimes cracking, and then on its surface you can see small drops of blood.
Cold allergies on the face
An allergy to cold on the face is redness and dryness of the skin, which often begins to itch and peel, plus some signs of a cold.
Foot cold allergy
Cold allergy on the legs is a rash in the form of urticaria, peeling, swelling of the skin, pain in the joints of the knees.The causes of cold allergies in the lower extremities often lie in the neglect of warm clothes and the addiction of girls to thin tights even in winter.
Poor cold tolerance is diagnosed using special tests. Most often they are made to young children to exclude the possibility of other diseases.
Checking the skin's response to low temperature consists in applying ice to the forearm and observing this part of the body. If the problem is present, the skin will “respond” to the stimulus immediately or after some time. At this place, not only redness will appear, but also swelling, small rashes.
Allergies to cold in adults can be detected in another way. The patient is taken to a room with a temperature of 4 degrees for half an hour, and then they study how his skin has changed. However, this method is now practically not used because of its negative impact on the health of a person who is allergic.
In addition, allergy to frost and general sensitivity to low temperatures can be tested on a special Temptest apparatus. And blood tests - biochemical and general - will help to determine whether the poor functioning of the liver and kidneys, as well as various infections, affect the decrease in immunity.
What to do if you are allergic to cold? Firstly, consult a doctor, since self-medication is ineffective, and sometimes harmful.
It is hardly possible to achieve a complete exclusion of contact with allergens (cold air and water), but the time spent on the street should be reduced to a minimum.
Treatment of cold allergies includes a set of measures designed to reduce or eliminate its unpleasant consequences.
Medications - antihistamines and anti-allergenic tablets are used only for medical purposes, with the onset of a critical year for an allergic person.
The doctor can recommend local remedies:
Cold allergies on the face are prevented by applying greasy creams to this area of the skin to protect it. It is supposed to perform this procedure not just before going out, but at least half an hour before.
Cold allergies in the hands can not damage the skin if you wash your hands with soap that does not dry, and constantly apply a nourishing cream to them.
Help from the first-aid kit: tablets and ointments
How to treat an allergy to cold competently advise an allergist. The drugs prescribed during the exacerbation period may have a traditional pharmacological form - tablets, or may be injections to restore local immunity.
To treat cold allergies, often use drugs such as diphenhydramine, Suprastin, Tavegil.
To minimize adverse reactions from antihistamines in the form of drowsiness and excessive relaxation, doctors recommend third-generation drugs of this spectrum - Cetirizine, Fexofenodin, Erius.
An allergy to cold feet is treated, including by rubbing zinc ointment or Panthenol into the affected area. They heal wounds and contribute to the restoration of the skin.
For the treatment of allergic manifestations in a child, in parallel with concomitant diseases, antibiotics are sometimes used. But after a course of their administration, it is necessary to do restoration of the microflora of the intestines of the baby in order to avoid dysbiosis.
If the allergy is long and painful, hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed for its treatment. But for a long time they are better to use because of the numerous side effects.
Alternative methods of treating allergies
When deciding how to get rid of a cold allergy, you need to be prepared in many ways to radically change your usual lifestyle.
It is impossible to cure and prevent the manifestations of this ailment, if not:
- dress warmly and seasonally,
- exclude products of a potentially allergic effect from the diet - citrus fruits, mushrooms, chocolate, coffee,
- eat more fish of fatty varieties, olive and other vegetable oils - this nourishes the skin from the inside,
- try to breathe on the street only with your nose.
Can traditional medicine help from this specific type of allergy? In some cases - completely.
An allergy to cold, the symptoms of which are more dermatological in nature, is perfectly treated with badger fat. It is used as a lubricant for open areas. You can apply fat and inside - on an empty stomach, 1 tbsp. spoon.
Compresses from vegetable oil will help the affected areas of the hands: after lubricating your hands, fingers and palms, be sure to wear gloves.
Cold allergies, the causes of which are similar to those that cause colds, can be prevented by the use of prophylactic agents: a decoction of raspberry roots, beetroot juice, tea with a string and chamomile.
You can use folk remedies only after consulting a doctor. After all, allergy sufferers are people vulnerable to various factors, and some herbs in themselves can provoke an allergy.
Causes of a Cold Allergy
Many residents are not aware of the disease as a cold allergy, but it is not uncommon. Such an allergy is not contagious and very rarely goes into a chronic form, but it is still important to timely identify the causes of this manifestation.
- Impaired skin cell functionthat are very close to the surface of the skin. The main reason for such changes may be a decrease in the protective functions of the body, which provokes not only cold allergies, but also an increased risk of infections and diseases for the body,
- Eating cold food or exposure to cold skin - it can be wind, rain, snow, frost,
- Abrupt movement from a warm to a cold room,
- Frequent interaction with cold water - when washing dishes, washing, bathing in cold water and other situations,
- Severe stress - people who are constantly exposed to stress, depression, suffer from frequent decreases in the strength of the immune system most often suffer from cold allergies.
Factors that trigger the development of cold allergies
Several groups of factors are known that can provoke an allergy to exposure to low temperatures.
- Tendency to allergic reactions of different origin:
- Recent illnessthat were contagious.
- Frequent dysfunction of the ENT organs or gastrointestinal tract, helminth infections.
- Endocrine diseases or oncology.
- Skin diseasesthat are chronic.
- Genetic factor.
Cold allergy - what is it?
This is a pathological reaction of the immune system to a physical catalyst, in this case, to low temperatures. However, the symptoms of the disease do not necessarily occur in winter. Sometimes the symptoms are fully manifested after washing or washing dishes, or even when drinking drinks with ice.
Studies confirm that after direct contact with a physical stimulus, the amount of histamine in the blood rises.
The causes of an allergy to cold should be sought in the same place as the causes of any pathology of the immune system.
Cold allergy is always a marker of malfunctions in the body; in a healthy person, physiological reactions to neutral physiological stimuli are always within normal limits.
One of the main provocateurs of disorders of the immune system is stress. At the same time, stress does not always imply a psychological disorder; stress can be a sharp change in climate, pregnancy, or even a respiratory illness. For example, often for the first time they face a cold allergy after a pathology.
For the onset of the disease, the presence of provoking factors is necessary, for example:
- the patient already has other allergies,
- there are sources of chronic infection in the body,
- a history of endocrine pathologies and dermatological diseases.
Thus, any burden on the immune system when a provoking factor appears can turn into a cold allergy.
|Manifestations of a cold allergy rash|
Causes of Cold Allergies
- Cold allergy, a very mysterious medical phenomenon that experts are in no hurry to attribute to an independent disease. At the moment, scientists, exploring its causes, agree that allergies are a symptom of somatic diseases.
- Indeed, one of the most common causes of urticaria is overwork, reduced immunity, and a lack of vitamins. An organism that is tired of fighting a hidden disease thus reacts to the cold.
- The second popular version of the origin of cold urticaria or allergies is disturbances in the hereditary protein chain. Under the influence of lowering the temperature of water and the air atmosphere, or another irritant, the chains of amino acids that make up the protein undergo a sticking process. This lump, the human immune system perceives it as a foreign antigen.
- There is another version that the allergy to cold is caused by the process of combining platelets and their elevated levels in the blood.
- In addition, manifestations may indicate infectious, colds, illnesses, and other inflammatory processes (extensive caries, giardiasis, acute respiratory viral infections, cystitis in women, intoxication of the body). And here is a video about allergies to cold:
- It is noted that many old, protracted diseases can provoke an allergic response. An allergy to cold is most often the result of problems with the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, ulcer, cholecystitis).
- In children, sometimes in adults, cold urticaria indicates food poisoning. It is possible that allergy manifests itself as a result of vegetative-vascular dystonia, vitamin deficiency, and thyroid disease.
Cold allergy symptoms and treatment
It turns out that it is not so simple to determine what a cold allergy looks like, because often it is hidden under the guise of acute respiratory infections and acute respiratory viral infections, colds and dermatitis. It happens that a person can’t independently determine what he is sick with, but seeing the symptoms, he prescribes treatment for himself. Do not make your own healing decisions at home.
Symptoms of a cold allergy or the main signs of manifestation
Sometimes, when moving from a warm room to the street, its symptoms immediately appear, either unpleasant pulling pains in the facial and neck muscles, or sharp pain in the frontal and occipital region. And in a warm room after 15 minutes, the manifestations of these signs disappear.
It is curious that these signs are generated even by an unheated bed or chilled drinks. Immediately, itchy reddish rashes, peeling of the skin of the inner thigh, itching and redness under the knee appear.
How does cold allergy manifest in adults. In adults, cold allergies in the hands more often occur. It is first expressed in the desire to scratch the skin, which soon thickens and coarsens, and dryness appears with rashes similar to hives.
Symptoms in children appear on the face, while the chin and cheeks, the area of the nasolabial are covered with red and small watery pimples come out. You can see the symptoms of manifestation in the photo:
In women wearing thin tights in the cold, reflex rashes appear on the delicate skin of the inner thigh and the skin under the knees. The first signs of a rash of urticaria are accompanied by a slight swelling of the skin on the legs, arms, face.
It happens that the nose is blocked, a protracted runny nose appears, which also speaks of allergy symptoms, which are accompanied by a desire to scratch your eyes and release tears.At low air temperatures it is difficult to breathe due to narrowing of the bronchi, which can cause shortness of breath.
Signs of a cold allergy can be conspired by tiredness or mood swings. And she is able to manifest itself against the background of various diseases. Often, due to its symptoms, it is difficult to determine the true cause of the disease, for example, vitamin deficiency, malfunctioning of the thyroid gland or vegetative-vascular dystonia.
Sometimes this type of allergy climbs out as a post-factum of diseases, even respiratory.
Types of Cold Allergies
Cold allergy is expressed in different forms and varieties, which have their own distinctive features.
Acute and chronic - This is a type of allergic manifestation, which is characterized by a sudden acute onset, accompanied by a desire to comb areas of the body: on the face, on the arms, on the legs, sometimes itching spreads throughout the body.
In places of combing, a blister comes out. After, small redness, reminiscent of a nettle burn, spreads over the body. Severe forms of the disease are accompanied by a decrease in immunity, the appearance of chills, aching joints, muscle pain. The heartbeat becomes more frequent, weakness appears in the body.
The chronic stage of the disease, as a rule, lasts several weeks or even several months. People with a chronic form, from October to April, are forced to fight their ailment.
Contrary to popular belief, an allergy to cold can occur at any time of the year, and not just in winter. The chronic stage of the disease can occur with sharp temperature variables. For example: a person took a long time to bake in the sun, then went into the shade or into a cool building, and immediately became covered with red spots.
Cold conjunctivitis - A response allergic reaction, manifested in the form of pain in the eyes and a strong discharge of tears.
Recurrent urticaria —This variety appears seasonally. It can overtake a person in the autumn, winter and spring, 1-2 times a season there is a relapse. Often, in the summer in warm weather, relapse occurs as a result of contact with cold water.
Reflex cold urticaria - This is a reflex manifestation in the cold, like a cholinergic urticaria. Appears with general hypothermia or even individual parts of the body. Surprisingly, the response in the form of a rash does not appear at the site of exposure to cold, but around it.
Cold dermatitis —This variety is manifested by the desire to comb everything and, if it is impossible to control this desire, leads to swelling of the combed areas of the skin ..
Family cold urticaria - This is a rather unique kind of urticaria, transmitted at the genetic level, with a dominant type of inheritance from blood relatives. It climbs on the skin in the form of a papular-spotted rash, which is accompanied by burning.
The accompanying signs are fever and chills, aching joints, an increase in white blood cell count. Medicine is known for the rarest variety of the disease, which manifests itself only after more than 24 hours, from the moment of physical exposure to cold. Therefore, family urticaria is sometimes confused with idiopathic urticaria.
Cold erythema - This is redness of the skin (erythema). A characteristic feature of this type of allergy is pronounced painful sensations when in contact with affected areas of the skin.
Cold rhinitis - accompanied by nasal congestion, occurring exclusively in cold air. In this case, the person does not have other symptoms of SARS or an inflammatory disease, when you change your location, when the cold changes to heat, the runny nose disappears.
It should be said that the above symptoms can be perceived as a protection of the body from the cold, laid down by nature, but nevertheless, this protective reaction does not cause discomfort, which every person notices.
How does an allergy to cold manifest?
Cold allergies in both adults and children are manifested by the following symptoms:
- The appearance of blisters, a rash of red or pink color,
- Itching or burning
- Swelling of the hands or skin areas that have been exposed to cold,
- Swelling of the lips, if cold food or drinks were consumed,
- Sneezing or runny nose
- Weakness or dizziness,
- Heaviness when inhaling or exhaling.
The main places of localization of rashes:
- On the hands and feet - arms and legs may turn red, blister, or rough. Patches of skin itch, itch, pain symptoms are possible. It is necessary to remove the symptoms of medication. In the future, think about warming your hands while in the cold or reduce contact with cool water and objects. Be sure to take the necessary preventive measures,
- On the face - the face is the least protected area of the skin. If the skin reacts quickly to cold, redness, peeling, papules, ulcers may occur. The skin begins to itch. In such situations, timely prevention is the best treatment. This is especially true for the skin of young children.
Photo looks like an allergy to cold:
Stages of a cold allergy
There are 3 main stages of the disease known to medicine:
- Stage 1 - immunological. It is an organism reflex to the effect of low temperatures. The process is accompanied by the release of antibodies,
- 2 stage - under the influence of special chemicals - heparin, histamine, serotonin, redness of the skin occurs, the vessels expand,
- 3 stage - serious symptoms are already characteristic of it: skin edema, large areas with a rash or blisters, anaphylactic shock is possible.
How to identify cold allergies?
The first time a cold allergy is not always diagnosed, because the symptoms can be identical with other diseases, such as colds or allergic manifestations, which are provoked by other factors.
You can diagnose an allergy to cold at home. Methods for determining the disease depend on the type of urticaria or its severity.
In a chronic or familial form of allergy, such tests may be ineffective, so it is better to undergo clinical trials for antibodies to cold. The study will require the patient's blood serum.
How to treat allergies to cold in adults?
Of course, after the diagnosis has been made, you need to choose an effective course of treatment and quickly relieve symptoms.
Before moving on to taking medications or using folk remedies, you need to pay attention to factors that can accelerate recovery:
- Be sure to insulate when going out in winter weather or while in an unheated room. People who are allergic to cold need not think about fashion, but comfort and warmth.
- 35 minutes before visiting the street at low temperatures, do not forget to use a moisturizing or nourishing cream in open areas of the skin. Do not forget about lip balm.
- Before visiting the street, drink a drink that can warm. It can be tea, coffee, but not drinks with alcohol.
- Pay attention to the hardening of the body and more balanced nutrition.
There are dozens of medicines for allergies to cold, both for indoor and outdoor use.
The type of drug therapy depends on the symptoms and their severity. After the first sensations of a cold allergy, it is imperative to warm yourself with warm tea, if possible, wrap yourself in a warm plaid.
- Zirtek - recommended for the treatment of all types of allergies (year-round or seasonal). It is especially effective for such manifestations as lacrimation, nasal congestion, fever, rashes. It can be used by adults and children from 6 months. Dosage depends on age.The average dose for adults is 10 mg per day,
- Cetirizine - tablets are used for the first manifestations of rhinitis or conjunctivitis, which are provoked by allergies, urticaria, itching, swelling. Allowed to use from 6 years of age (recommended weight of at least 30 kg). With special attention to apply to the elderly. The average dosage for adults is 1 tablet - 1 time per day. It is not advisable to use during pregnancy and lactation,
- Tavegil - prescribed for allergic rhinopathies, urticaria, eczema and dermatoses of various types. Use for allergies to medicine or insect bites is allowed. Methods of release - tablets and solutions for injection. It can be treated with adults and children from 6 years of age. Dose for adults - 1 tablet 2 times a day (preferably before and after sleep). In severe conditions, it is possible to increase the dose to 6 tablets (6 mg) per day,
- Suprastin - It is recommended to take with different types of urticaria, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and dermatitis of different origin. It can be used to eliminate atopic dermatitis, eczema, allergies to drugs and insect bites. May be a prophylactic against Quincke's edema. It is not advisable to use for pregnant and lactating women, children under 3 years. Dosage for adults - 1 tablet 3-4 times a day,
- Cetrin - its use is allowed from 2 years of age (in the form of syrup) and in the form of tablets (from 6 years). Recommended for the treatment of rhinitis of any kind, relieving symptoms of allergies, urticaria, dermatoses. It can be used as a prophylactic against allergies (seasonal, periodic and chronic). Do not use during pregnancy and lactation. Taking the medicine does not depend on eating, it is advisable to do this before bedtime. The average dosage for adults is 1-2 tablets throughout the day,
- Parlazin - eliminates the symptoms of allergies of different origin, rhinitis, conjunctivitis of an allergic nature, urticaria, dermatosis. It is used as a prophylactic against puffiness in cold allergies. Allowed to use from 6 months of age. The average dosage of antihistamine drops for an adult is 20 drops per day,
- Allergodil - antihistamine spray against conjunctivitis, which is used to eliminate symptoms. It is relevant for the treatment of both seasonal and year-round diseases. Before treatment, be sure to study the list of contraindications and side effects. The spray bottle is designed so that 1 necessary dose of the drug is released at a time. It is applied since 4 years of age.
- Skin cap - apply with eczema, dermatitis and urticaria of any origin. The drug is available in the form of an aerosol. They treat the affected areas of the skin at least 2 times a day until the desired result is achieved. Allowed for use for children from 3 years of age,
- Histan n - the remedy treats the affected areas with any form of dermatosis, psoriasis, urticaria. It is applied in a thin layer to the skin no more than 1 time per day, it is a hormonal drug. The course of treatment should not be longer than a month. Apply to children only if there is no analogue,
- La cree - removes severe symptoms of cold allergies: removes inflammatory areas, peeling, dryness, redness. In addition, it can be used for 2-3 days as a skin care product after relieving allergy symptoms.
Treatment with folk remedies
Alternative methods are very popular in the fight against cold allergies. But both adults and children need to be wary of such treatment. Abuse of them can negatively affect health.
Top 5 most popular ways to deal with cold allergies:
- Badger Fat - not only removes peeling, redness, relieves itching, but also thanks to vitamins and minerals in its composition helps to strengthen the immune system, which can become a preventive measure in the future,
- Dissolve 1.5 tablespoons of honey in 250 ml of warm water. Such a drink will help remove itching and significantly reduce swelling,
- A mixture of onion juice, honey and lemon juice (1: 1: 1) help get rid of rashes, reduce itching and peeling of the affected skin,
- A decoction that removes allergic rashes. In equal proportions (25 gr.), Valerian rhizomes, lemon balm leaves, hop cones are used. All components are crushed and filled with 250 ml of boiling water. The mixture is infused and filtered. Drink the finished drink before meals 70 ml. 3 times a day
- Yarrow Broth. 1.5 tbsp. l add 250 ml of boiling water to the herbs and simmer for at least an hour. After this, strain and take before meals 70 ml 3-4 times a day. In addition to the fact that such a drink has antihistamine properties, it regulates blood circulation and serves as a painkiller. It also removes the itch.
How to treat allergies to cold in children?
When a type of allergy is diagnosed, you need to proceed to the treatment prescribed by the doctor.
It is important to remember that more effective results can be achieved if you do everything in an integrated way:
- Remove the symptoms of allergy at every manifestation with the help of selected medicines and folk methods,
- Maximum care for the warming of the baby when going out,
- Apply baby creamsthat will reduce the negative effects on delicate skin,
- Apply sorbents in order to cleanse the body of allergens. If there are violations of the digestive tract, take a course of probiotics,
- Body stabbing and increase the body's defenses,
- Use for baths decoctions of burdock, cones, calendula and string, chamomile. This must be done with caution. Use such methods only if the child does not have an allergic reaction.
Medicines and folk remedies to eliminate the disease in young children should be used with special vigilance and only after consulting a pediatrician or pediatric allergist.
- Zirtek - sold in the form of tablets and drops. It can be used to treat children from 6 months. Recommended for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, dermatoses and the manifestations that accompany them. Dosage depends on age. Children 6 months - 1 year - 5 drops per day. 1-2 years - the daily norm - 5 drops - 1-2 times a day. 2-6 years - the daily norm is 10 ml,
- Zodak - the drug is recommended for the treatment of any type of urticaria and other allergic reactions. It is produced in the form of drops, tablets or syrup. Tablets can be used to treat children from 6 years old. Dose for a child 6-12 years old - 1 tablet per day. Drops can be used in children from 12 months. Depending on the age and complexity of the disease, the daily norm can range from 5 to 20 drops. Syrup has also been used since the year
- Suprastin - Recommended for urticaria, rhinitis caused by allergies, dermatitis, eczema, allergies after insect bites. It can be prescribed as a prophylactic. With severe symptoms, it is allowed to use from 1 month. The exact dosage of the medicine for children is determined only by the pediatrician or allergist.
- Fenistil gel - applied to the skin with itching of eczema, dermatosis, urticaria. It is allowed to use from a month of age up to 2-4 times a day. Apply to the skin with a thin layer. Use with caution in the first months of pregnancy and when breastfeeding. In severe situations, the use of the gel can be supplemented with a tablet form to enhance the effect. In rare cases, as a result of using the ointment, dry skin can appear,
- Panthenol - Helps to heal damaged areas faster after rashes and peeling in children. It is used not only on the skin, but also on the mucous membranes. Spray or ointment can be used 2-3 times a day,
- Bepanten - the remedy treats damaged areas, including areas that are prone to peeling, inflammation. Recommended for treatment and preventive measures in infants. Ointment is applied as needed. The frequency of application of the product for infants is determined by the doctor.
Treatment with folk remedies:
- Blueberry puree superimposed with a thin compress on the affected areas for several minutes, and then washed off,
- A decoction of crushed raspberry roots - for 500 ml of water - 50 g of roots. Simmer for about 35 minutes. Then let the liquid cool and strain. It is recommended to drink liquid before going out into the cold, before and after sleep (2-3 tbsp),
- Baths made from decoctions of coniferous branches. It is advisable to bathe the child in such water daily. Additionally, you can make compresses from the decoction to the redness areas.
Cold Allergy Prevention
Manifestations of cold allergies can be avoided or significantly relieved symptoms if preventive measures are taken.
Procedures and actions that should be paid attention to people suffering from this disease:
- 30 minutes before going outsidenourishing cream open skin
- In cold air breathe only through the nose. Do not inhale with your mouth. Do not wet your lips with saliva in the cold. It’s better to do it before going out with a special balm,
- Be sure to think about winter warming: warm clothes, shoes, hats, hood, mittens,
- If possible, minimize the time spent in freezing air.,
- Hardening recommended and balanced nutrition,
- Timely diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases.
Things to avoid:
- If possible, do not buy clothes made from synthetics,
- Minimize skin contact with cold objects, air, water,
- Prevent the growth of infectious diseases into chronic ones,
- Avoid stressful situations.
Cold Allergy Treatment
What to do if signs are already detected? First of all, it is necessary to exclude contact with an irritating factor, if possible of course (cold water, air, wind, frost).
Give preferences in clothing to natural fabrics, dress in frost more warmly than usual. At the first signs and symptoms, go to a warm place, sit near the battery, take a warm shower.
Antihistamines are prescribed as a medication: Suprastin, Tavegil, Claritin. Please note that when taking these drugs tends to sleep.
In severe varieties, doctors recommend plasmapheresis, a blood purification procedure. It is worth recalling that most often the cause of an allergy to cold lies in the existing chronic infection, so pay attention to this. Treatment in adults and children is the same.
Cold allergy ointment. Allergy ointment can be bought at any pharmacy, just find out if it contains hormones. In this case, you need to consult a doctor. There is a good ointment on the herbs Lacrye, Pantenol cream, which helps with burns and allergic rashes, serves as a rescue.
Folk remedies for oral administration
Raspberries. Take 50 gr. dry raspberry roots and fill the floor with a liter of boiling water. Then on low heat hold for half an hour, strain, cool. Receive the broth three times a day for 2 tbsp. spoons, preferably before going out in the cold. Take a decoction for no more than 2 months. Before winter cold, the broth is taken as a preventive measure.
Mumiyo. To prepare the potion, take 1 g of mummy and dissolve it in 1 liter of boiling water. Drink 100 ml once a day in the morning. For children, the portion is 50 ml, for adolescents 70 ml.Mummy is a real salvation from all types of allergies.
Birch juice possesses the strengthening properties that regulate the salt-water metabolism. Reception of birch sap leads to a mild diuretic effect. Birch sap relieves allergic swelling of the hands and face, due to the removal of excess fluid from the body. You can consume a maximum of 1 liter of birch sap per day (for an adult). For children, the norm is 200-500 ml of juice. Birch sap is not only distinguished by its usefulness, it is simply delicious.
Nettle infusion. 2 tbsp. tablespoons of nettle leaves pour two cups of boiling water and leave for 2 hours. Take ½ cup 4 times daily before meals.
Celery. Recommended fresh celery root juice, 0.5 teaspoon before meals, 3 times a day.
Walnut tincture . The walnut contains anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties. Please note that the tincture is made from green, freshly picked walnut leaves. Take 50 g of chopped leaves, pour 100 g of vodka, leave for a week in a glass bowl, under a tightly closed lid. Shake regularly. Strain and take the tincture 3 times a day, 25 drops 30 minutes before a meal, after diluting the tincture in a ¼ glass of water.
Eat sunflower seeds and red raw beets.
The consequences of an allergy to cold
In most cases, this type of urticaria does not cause any harm to health in the future.
But some situations can provoke unpleasant, sometimes fatal, consequences in the form of:
- Blood pressure spike,
- Fainting and dizziness,
- Shock situations and suffocation,
- Swelling of the mucous membranes,
Folk remedies for external treatment
- Fresh Blueberries. Rub the fruits until gruel forms, and do lotions or lubricate the affected areas of the skin.
- Ointment for cold allergies from calendula, celandine and burdock. This ointment perfectly removes itching and dry skin. Take 10 g of each type of chopped grass. Pour the herbal mixture with vegetable oil, so that it covers the herbs by 1 cm, insist 24 hours. Then it is necessary to warm the mixture in a water bath. After cooling, strain and apply for lubrication.
- Pine shoots in oil. Grind early young shoots of pine and add vegetable oil. Insist in a dark place for about six months. Take in a ratio of 1 to 1. The recipe is not quick, but it helps a lot in treating children. Such an emulsion very gently protects children's skin from peeling and itching.
- Lotions from cornflower infusionsuitable for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis. Insist a tablespoon of raw materials in 200 ml of boiling water, about half an hour and filter. Flushed eyes are washed or applied to the eyes in the form of lotions, for 15 minutes.
- Coniferous baths. Apply branches of needles along with needles, boil them in water, pour the broth into the bath. A decoction of needles can even be washed.
- Decoctions of a series. The sequence has a large amount of vitamin C, which has a strong anti-inflammatory property. Take 4 tbsp. tablespoons of grass, pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, leave for an hour. Broth can moisten napkins and make lotions.
- Soda, vinegar, lemon solution. An excellent remedy for relieving itching. To prepare a soda solution, take 1 tbsp. teaspoon of soda and dissolve it in a glass of cold water. Wipe with a solution of the itching site. Acetic solution is also simple to prepare: dilute apple cider vinegar 1: 1 with water. Wipe the place of itching. Freshly squeezed lemon juice can not be diluted with water. It is important not to hold the lotion for more than 5 minutes, so as not to cause a burn.
- Marmot fatbadger fat considered effective in the fight against allergies. Their saturation with vitamins, polyunsaturated fats, protects well from frost and nourishes the skin. To do this, about 20 minutes before going out, you need to grease your face and hands.
It is better to deal with all the suspicious symptoms and causes of the disease. Moreover, it is often confused with the usual reaction of the body to low temperatures.
With the initial manifestation of cold allergy symptoms, it is better to consult an allergist to diagnose the disease and prescribe the optimal course of treatment. In such situations, do not forget about complex treatment and preventive measures.
Cold allergy in children, how it manifests itself and how to treat
Cold urticaria in children occurs for the same reasons as in adults, but most often due to changes in the children's immune system, which does not respond correctly to cold. Often, an allergic reaction appears due to moist, moist air. Look at how cold allergies manifest in children photo:
The cause of allergies in children can be diseases such as syphilis, hepatitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis or bronchitis. Symptoms in children are the same as described above.
Treatment of cold allergies in children. Do not be afraid, urticaria in the cold is successfully treated, and passes without a trace. As for the treatment, it is prescribed exclusively by an allergist.
What to do if a child has a symptom? Before visiting a doctor, it is worth feeding the child only non-allergenic products. Often, urticaria in children indicates helminthic invasion or an inflammatory process in the body.
After the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe treatment. As a rule, this is the use of antihistamines, ointments externally and the prevention of the inflammatory process (if the child has a sore throat, then an irrigation of the throat, if a runny nose, then a drop in the nose). The treatment of urticaria in children is no different from the treatment of allergies in adults.
Cold rhinitis is characterized by a constant runny nose. A person is constantly haunted by mucous discharge from the nose, which is very difficult to stop. Cold rhinitis passes independently and without the use of drugs. The main thing is that a person stops contact with low temperatures, after which he is completely warmed up.
How to cure cold urticaria in pregnant women
During pregnancy, an allergy manifests itself in the form of itchy red spots, which first appear on the stomach, and then pass to the hands, face, legs. Symptoms lead a pregnant woman to excessive nervousness, sleep disturbance, irritability.
And, as you know, pregnant women should not be nervous. It is important to diagnose an allergy as soon as possible in order to rule out its symptoms as a manifestation of more dangerous diseases.
The causes of allergic reactions in pregnant women are different: increased production of the sex hormone estrogen, immune conflict between the fetus and mother, the development of gestosis (late toxicosis).
Urticaria appears in pregnant women several weeks before childbirth, and disappears immediately after childbirth. Therefore, it does not require treatment.
Doctors do not recommend treating allergies in pregnant women with medication. As a treatment, a hypoallergenic diet is prescribed, intake of vitamins and enterosorbents, which will remove the general intoxication of the body and improve the condition (activated charcoal, enterosgel).
Outwardly, lotions, gel, ointments are prescribed. If they no longer help, in some cases, only under the supervision of a doctor, antihistamines can be prescribed. Urticaria during pregnancy causes some inconvenience, but with timely medical attention it is successfully cured.
Cold form of bronchial asthma
It develops in people whose body is especially sensitive to low temperatures. Cold air enters the mucous membrane of the bronchi, which provokes bronchial hyperreactivity. It manifests itself with the following symptoms:
- difficulty breathing
- nasolabial triangle cyanosis,
- wheezing in the lungs when listening.
Family cold urticaria
An allergy to cold appears on the hands and develops as a result of a defect in the NLRP3 gene.It is inherited and is one of the forms of cryopyrine-associated periodic syndrome. All the symptoms of the disease do not appear immediately after the patient comes in contact with cold air or water, but after some time. Typically, signs of a cold allergy look like spotty-papular rashes that are localized on the skin.
Mixed Cold Allergy
It includes several types of response of the body to a negative external effect.
If a person does not pay attention to these signs of a cold allergy in a timely manner, this can negatively affect his psychological state, and will also provoke a large number of complications.
Any allergic reaction develops only under the influence of a certain irritating factor, in this case, cold. It could be:
- cold or frosty air
- cold drink
- cool drinks,
- cold food
Symptoms of cold allergies are diverse. The main symptoms include:
- The rash is pink or red. Usually it is localized in open areas of the skin as a result of the influence of low temperatures,
- Blisters or characteristic seals,
- Swelling of the lips,
- Jams in the corners of the mouth
- Dry lips
- Burning sensation
- Swelling and pain in the eyes,
- Stuffy nose
- Runny nose passing at the entrance to a warm room,
- Laryngeal edema
- Allergic cough
- Frequent sneezing
- Choking sensation
All people notice a not very comfortable reaction of the body when they return from a cold street to a warm room. The most common phenomenon is redness of exposed skin. First of all, an allergy to cold develops on the face and skin of the hands. Blood rushes to the vessels that have contracted in the frost, and then expanded in the warmth. Such negative reactions in a healthy person pass in 30-40 minutes.
Symptoms of a cold allergy after this time will not only not pass on their own, but may begin to manifest themselves more actively on the body. They do not disappear quickly. Typically, certain medications may be needed to correct the symptoms.
Sometimes a cold allergy resembles the onset of a cold or a viral disease. The main difference is that with SARS, the patient rises in body temperature. Therefore, before proceeding with the treatment of cold allergies, it is necessary to carefully study all the symptoms. It is best to seek the help of a qualified specialist who can accurately make a diagnosis, and also indicates how to properly treat cold urticaria, cold dermatitis and other types of pathology.
If there are suspicions of developing a cold allergy, then a person should immediately contact an allergist. The doctor will be able to accurately determine the presence of pathology, as well as timely prescribe a treatment for cold allergies, taking into account the analysis data and the individual characteristics of the body.
To determine allergies, a specialist prescribes a special test that will show the body's response to cold. During the study, a small piece of ice is placed on an open area of the body. It should remain on the skin for several minutes. If a person has a pathology of this type in the body, then the doctor will fix the development of cold urticaria in the place where the contact of skin and ice occurred.
If the result of the study is in doubt, then the allergist prescribes a pH-metry of the skin, as well as dermatoscopy of the rash, which was formed after close contact with the cold.
After that, the specialist appoints a general analysis. These include:
- Blood analysis.The result will help establish the presence in the blood serum of certain types of proteins characteristic of allergic reactions, as well as cold antibodies. Among them stand out cryoglobulins and cryofibrinogens.
- Analysis of urine. Research will show if blood protein appears in the urine. This process is called hemoglobinuria. It is characteristic of exacerbation of allergic reactions.
To provide a complete picture of the course of the disease, the doctor appoints a patient consultation of narrow specialists. These include:
According to recent studies, cold allergies are more often diagnosed in women from the age of 20 to 30.
Cold allergy test
Therefore, it is very important for both the doctor and the patient to determine the nature of the allergic reaction in time. For this, along with complex studies using special equipment, there are fairly simple methods. Do you have a cold allergy can be checked at home: put a piece of ice on the elbow bend for 10-15 minutes, and if hives appeared, then we can assume that you are prone to cold allergies.
But in case of doubt, you need to see a doctor, allergic diseases require laboratory blood tests.
What does a cold allergy look like?
Types and forms
Depending on the symptoms that accompany the pathology, three forms of allergies to low temperatures can be distinguished:
- skin allergy - when the symptoms are predominant in the form of rashes on the skin, this form may be called "cold dermatitis" and "cold erythema",
- an allergy with symptomatic signs of rhinitis - when the symptom predominates in the form of a pronounced runny nose and nasal congestion,
- allergy with conjunctivitis symptoms - a form in which the patient begins tearing, pain in the eyes, swelling of the orbital region.
You can also consider the following classification of pathology:
- Reflex cold allergy - that is, a pathological reaction of the immune system to an irritant (cold) that develops directly in those places whose skin is in contact with cold. For example, if symptoms arise after washing dishes with cold water, only the hands will be affected, if after walking in the cold - then the face, and so on.
- Family cold allergies are pathologies that are transmitted genetically. Unlike the reflex form, in which a rash is present on the body, the formation of papules, fever, leukocytosis predominates in the family form. Symptoms may occur 1-3 hours after exposure to cold on the body, or even a day later. The longer the incubation period, the more pronounced symptoms of general malaise.
And finally, doctors share year-round and recurrent cold allergies. In the first form, signs of the disease can occur at any time, in the presence of water or cold air temperature. In the second case, exacerbations occur only when the seasons change, when the body is rebuilt to new external factors.
What danger is the disease?
Like any allergic reaction, a cold allergy is dangerous for its complications. Mostly, Quincke's edema or anaphylactic shock. Such complications are especially dangerous for children.
|Edema with cold allergies|
In addition, the pathological activity of the immune system can become a catalyst for the development of autoimmune diseases, which today are incurable and can lead to a complete disruption of the functioning of the body.
Symptoms and signs
The symptomatic picture occurs immediately after interaction with the stimulus, that is, with a lowered temperature.
It is necessary to differentiate cold allergy from irritation arising from the wind or components that make up the cold liquid.
Like any immune reaction, a cold allergy is accompanied by a deterioration in overall well-being, shortness of breath. A persistent decrease in blood pressure is often noted, which, in turn, can cause headaches, drowsiness, and decreased performance.
Local signs of an allergic reaction to cold are expressed in the appearance of a rash that itches and itches. Usually it has a pronounced pink tint and looks like a hive. It is able to localize in areas more susceptible to direct contact with low temperatures - hands, face. Or form in places with thin sensitive skin, for example, on the elbow bends, the inner surfaces of the thighs.
Also, pathologies can be accompanied by inflammation of the nasal mucosa, eyes.
In order to start the diagnostic process, the patient, after detecting symptoms, needs to see a therapist who will refer to an immunologist or allergist.
An important part of the examination is differential diagnosis. It is not always easy to determine whether an allergic reaction has actually occurred due to exposure to low temperatures. That is, cold allergies from frosty air can be mistaken for skin irritation due to wind, or even an allergy to fur that comes in contact with the body.
The same applies to allergies that occur after contact with cold water. It is important to know for sure that the body responds to low temperature, and not to soap, dishwashing liquid or the chemical composition of the water itself.
There is a reason to differentiate cold allergies from other diseases, for example:
- atopic dermatitis,
|It looks like hives|
Usually, a study is used for diagnosis, which has established itself as the most reliable. It is called the “cold test” and is performed using a regular ice cube, which must be applied to the skin for 2-3 minutes. If after this symptoms of cold allergy appear, the diagnosis can be considered proven.
It is also considered mandatory to conduct a clinical blood test to study the leukocyte formula, the indicators of which change with allergic reactions.
Traditional cold allergy treatment
First of all, a person who knows that he has a cold allergy should try to avoid contact with low temperatures. In the winter season, it is worth dressing warmer, wearing warm scarves, gloves, outerwear with hoods. Do not wash your hands or dishes with cold water, drink drinks whose temperature is below room temperature.
|Cold water is contraindicated in case of illness.|
In order to increase the resistance of the skin to cold, you can use special creams with a high level of fat content. They create an invisible film on the skin that prevents hypothermia. Such funds can be easily found among the lines of cosmetic products for children: “Frost”, “Ruddy cheeks”.
And finally, in order for the formed signs of an allergic reaction to disappear, medication is necessary.
First of all, these are antihistamines in the form of tablets. They bind the excess amount of histamine in the blood and remove it until the immune system normalizes on its own.
As a means for treating cold allergies, you can choose:
In addition, it is necessary to use funds depending on the type of allergy, that is, it is the place of its localization.
- For cold skin allergies, it is recommended to use special creams and ointments that eliminate itching and contribute to the rapid healing of the epidermis. Before applying the creams, you should consult your doctor so that he decides whether it is necessary to use hormonal ointments: Skin Cap, Gistan N, or herbal preparations: Gistan, La Cree.
- Need to know! During an exacerbation of allergies, the body is extremely sensitive to any natural components, so allergy creams, which contain plant extracts, can cause an exacerbation of the disease.
- In addition, skin softening agents can be used. In the event that the skin is dry and requires hydration, do not use the usual lotions, as they may contain substances that irritate it and intensify itching. It is better to use "Panthenol" in the form of a cream, lotion or foam. The product simultaneously moisturizes the skin and promotes quick healing of the skin.
- If a cold allergy is accompanied by rhinitis, nose drops should be used along with pharmacological drugs. They must be used before leaving the house in the cold for 15-20 minutes:
Treatment should be systematic and approved or prescribed by the attending physician.
In case of allergic reactions, the prescription of traditional medicine is often effective and effective. First of all, any cream for protection against the cold can be replaced with badger fat. This recipe is effective and has been used for many years, while it can be used even for small children.
Decoctions for internal use serve as an excellent adjuvant against the background of drug therapy. Also, decoctions can be used to prevent signs of allergy, for example, with the seasonal course of the disease.
Since ancient times, a decoction of fir cones has been a reliable remedy for cold allergies. To do this, 10-12 medium-sized cones need to be chopped with a knife and pour boiling water. After the remedy has infused and cooled, it can be drunk throughout the day.
There are other recipes of traditional medicine for cold allergies, which require the use of more components, for example:
- walnut plant leaves,
- tricolor violet flowers,
- burdock root.
All ingredients must be taken in equal proportions, added to a thermos and pour boiling water. Having infused the broth, you need to drink it before eating. If the product seems too concentrated in taste, you can dilute it with water.
For maximum effectiveness, phytotherapy courses for allergic reactions are best carried out after cleansing the digestive tract with absorbent drugs.
Causes and Risk Factors
Cold allergy is a pseudo-allergic reaction that differs from true allergy in the absence of certain immunological mechanisms. With pseudo-allergy, the development of the inflammatory process is associated with impaired histamine metabolism. Experts put forward three theories that explain the development of cold allergies:
- Spasm of the vessels of the microvasculature. Under the influence of low temperatures, a person has a spasm of the smallest blood vessels - capillaries, as a result of which the blood supply and nutrition of tissues deteriorate, which becomes the beginning of the inflammatory process.
- The formation of specific proteins. In some people, under the influence of low temperature, special biochemical processes are launched in the body, during which proteins are synthesized that can act as an allergen. It is these proteins that trigger the release of allergy mediators (histamine, serotonin), provoking the development of allergic inflammation. These proteins do not differ in resistance and, when a person is warmed up, are quickly destroyed.
- Dry skin. With dry skin, its surface is not sufficiently protected. In the cold, because of this, cells quickly lose moisture, the skin becomes drier and begins to peel. This theory is confirmed by the fact that allergies to cold are most often diagnosed in people with sensitive and dry skin, as well as in elderly patients.
Factors that increase the risk of developing an allergy to cold are:
An allergy to cold often develops in patients suffering from any other manifestations of an allergy (pollen or domestic allergies, atopic dermatitis, etc.).
Forms of the disease
The following forms of cold allergy are distinguished:
A long-running allergy to cold has a negative effect on the mental state of patients. Many of them have increased fatigue, nervousness in the cold season, and in severe cases, depressive states develop.
Symptoms of a Cold Allergy
The most common manifestation of a cold allergy is cold urticaria. After contact with cold water or air on the contacting parts of the body (most often the face, neck, auricles, hands), the skin begins to hurt and itch strongly. Then it gradually turns red, and blisters form on it. In appearance, changes in the lesion are very similar to the symptoms of a nettle burn. With a significant area of rashes, the patient can sharply decrease blood pressure, up to the development of collapse.
Family cold urticaria (a form of cryopyrine-associated periodic syndrome) is a separate form of cold allergy. The disease is associated with a defect in the NLRP3 gene and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. With family cold urticaria, the symptoms of a cold allergy do not occur immediately, but after several hours from the moment of exposure to the body at low temperatures: a spotty-papular rash appears on the skin.
An allergy to cold, proceeding as a type of cold dermatitis, is characterized by the formation of burgundy or dark red spots with a slightly flaky surface on open areas of the skin. Their size reaches 2–5 cm in diameter. The appearance of rashes is accompanied by a pronounced burning sensation and severe itching. After some time, cracks form on the surface of the spots, then they become crusty.
Cold dermatitis most often affects the skin of the hands, neck, ears and face, that is, those parts of the body that are not covered by clothing. In very rare cases, rashes can appear in closed areas of the body, for example, on the inner surface of the thighs or knees.
The main symptom of cold rhinitis is a transient runny nose, accompanied by mucous secretions. Its characteristic feature is that it appears when the patient comes in contact with low temperatures, and in a warm room after heating completely disappears on its own.
Cold conjunctivitis is manifested by increased lacrimation, pain in the eyes, slight blepharospasm. In heat, the phenomena of cold conjunctivitis pass independently.
The impact of cold air on the mucous membrane of the bronchi in some people leads to the development of bronchial hyperreactivity - the bronchoconstrictor reaction of the respiratory tract. Clinically, this is manifested by an attack of bronchial cold asthma:
- labored breathing,
- nasolabial triangle cyanosis,
- with auscultation - multiple wheezing in the lungs.
Cold Allergy Treatment
The treatment of cold allergies is primarily to prevent the patient from further contact with the cold (warm clothes in the winter, bathing in warm water, refusing cold food and drinks). In winter, especially on windy days, before leaving the house, apply any oily cream to open areas of the skin.
In the complex treatment of cold allergies, antihistamines, multivitamin preparations, as well as drugs that improve microcirculatory circulation and trophic processes are used. In addition, the treatment of identified concomitant diseases is carried out.
Patients with mild symptoms of a cold allergy are recommended tempering procedures. Hardening begins with pouring with warm water (water temperature 37–37.5 ° С).Every five days, the water temperature is lowered by one degree, gradually reaching 10 ° C. If at the next decrease in water temperature there are clinical manifestations of an allergy to cold, the temperature is again raised to tolerable, then again reduced after a few days. Hardening treatment is allowed only in patients with mild disease. In case of a rapidly occurring cold allergy, dousing with cold water can lead to the development of anaphylactic shock - a potentially life-threatening complication.
A relatively new method of treating cold allergies is autolymphocytotherapy, which consists in administering to the patient lymphocytes previously obtained from his blood. The course is usually prescribed 8 procedures that are performed every other day. Autolymphocytotherapy has established itself as an effective and at the same time safe method of treating cold allergies.
Cold allergy diet
With an exacerbation of an allergy to cold, it is recommended to adhere to a hypoallergenic diet. From the diet should be excluded:
- spicy, salty, fatty and fried foods,
- strong broths
- smoked meats
- ice cream,
- processed and hot cheeses,
- industrially made sauces (ketchup, mayonnaise),
- pickles and pickles,
- some vegetables (bell pepper, tomatoes, spinach),
It is recommended to include in the diet:
- dairy products,
- cereal dishes (except semolina),
- lean meat,
- mild cheese
- green apples
- vegetable oil,
- dishes from vegetables, preferably green (zucchini, cabbage, squash, green beans, green peas, dill, parsley, etc.).
Possible consequences and complications
With a severe clinical course and the absence of timely treatment, a cold allergy can lead to the development of serious complications:
- laryngeal edema - usually develops after eating cold foods or drinks. The patient suddenly has inspiratory dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), there is a sensation of a foreign body in the throat. The voice becomes husky and muffled.
- anaphylactic shock - Its first symptom usually becomes a sharp pain in the area of skin rashes, then vascular collapse and bronchospasm quickly develop. Symptoms of anaphylactic shock develop rapidly, and if the patient is not immediately provided with medical care, he may die.
A long-running allergy to cold has a negative effect on the mental state of patients. Many of them have increased fatigue, nervousness in the cold season, and in severe cases, depressive states develop.
In most cases, an allergy to cold does not pose a threat to the patient's life. However, the disease is long-term in nature and requires regular necessary therapy. With severe allergic reactions to cold exposure, it may be necessary to change the place of residence.
What to do when the first signs of the disease appear
If the first signs are found, it is recommended to reduce the time spent in an aggressive environment. It is also worth avoiding being outdoors in cold weather. If this is not possible, then it is necessary to provide high-quality protection of the skin from contact with an irritant. To do this, it is recommended to use warm clothes. The airways can be protected from adverse effects with scarves, through which a person should breathe as much as possible. If it is too cold outside, then additional protection for the skin of the face in the form of a oily cream will be required.
When all the measures taken did not help, and the person began to develop an allergy to cold, he should know what to do first.An important role for the successful resolution of the problem is played by the timely administration of antihistamines. In the cold season, it should be constant. This will help to avoid unpleasant symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Allergy to a cold in a child
Many parents, returning with a child from a winter walk, rejoice at the red cheeks and nose. If the baby does not pass these symptoms within two hours, and also a rash appears, then this means the development of a cold allergy.
One of the main reasons for the appearance of a negative reaction of the body is the weakened immunity of the little man. Cells begin to work incorrectly, which leads to the appearance of negative reactions to even the most ordinary and familiar things.
The causes of an allergy to cold in a child are:
- liver disease
- regular colds
- malfunction of the endocrine system,
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
- transferred ARVI,
- food allergies.
Signs of an allergy appear only at low temperatures, in wet weather, and also during contact with cold water. The first symptoms of a cold allergy affect all exposed areas of the skin. With a mild form, redness of the skin and itching occur. When a child tries to scratch reddened skin right on the street, this should immediately alert parents. Entering the house, a rash appears on the body, similar to a urticaria. In some cases, blisters filled with fluid appear. Cold urticaria is localized on the handles, and in infants it is localized on the lower leg, thighs and knees. The rash is dense, bright pink in color. She is very annoying baby and gives him discomfort. After some time may disappear without a trace.
When the parents did not notice the first signs, the baby may develop more serious symptoms. It manifests itself in the form of swelling of the lips, eyes and corners of the mouth. The lips begin to peel off and crack, and in the corners jams form.
An allergy to cold can occur in the form of:
- dry night cough
- nasal congestion
- wheezing while breathing
- rashes on reddened cheeks.
As soon as any symptoms of a cold allergy have been noticed, you should always consult a doctor. It is necessary to identify the cause of the negative reaction of the body. In most cases, they indicate the development of certain types of diseases that are not associated with allergies, but need thorough therapy.
There are some tips to help protect your child from allergies to cold feet. These include:
- Reduce walk in the fresh air, especially in the cold season.
- Toddler dress warmly, leave open skin areas as little as possible.
- Lubricate the face with fat cream, lips with hygienic lipstick 20 minutes before going outside.
- Warm clothing should only be made from natural materials.
- Before going outside, drink a warm drink.
- You can take antihistamines for cold allergies only after consulting a doctor (see “Antihistamines for children of different ages” for more details).
Parents should closely monitor a child who is allergic to cold. At the first sign, you should immediately seek qualified help.
Folk recipes in the fight against cold allergies
Doctors strongly recommend the use of traditional medicine only as an additional tool for the treatment of cold allergies. It is important to observe the correct dosage and proportions in order to get the maximum effect during therapy. The main recipes for eliminating the symptoms of cold allergies are:
- Blueberries Berries are rubbed to a mushy state. A compress is made from the resulting substance. It is applied to areas of the skin where allergy symptoms appear. Ingredients in blueberries will quickly remove puffiness.The main disadvantage of folk remedies is that the berries stain the skin in a dark color.
- Calendula, celandine, burdock, mint. From medicinal herbs, a therapeutic emulsion is obtained, which quickly removes all pain and itching from the skin.
- Birch juice. An effective tool that must be used to treat cold allergies in children and adults.
- Lemon juice. It is necessary to moisten a cotton pad in it, and then treat the skin, on which unpleasant itchy sensations appeared after a long stay in the cold.
Important! Before using any alternative prescription, you should consult your doctor. Only a qualified specialist will be able to accurately determine how to properly treat a cold allergy, so as not to harm the general condition of the body.
How to prevent a cold allergy
To protect yourself from the appearance of allergic reactions to cold, it is enough to follow a few simple rules. These include:
- Timely and proper protection. Before each exit to the cold, you need to apply a special cream to all exposed areas of the skin. Let it soak for 5-10 minutes, after which you can go for a walk.
- Dress for the weather. Legs should always be warm. When severe colds occur, it is necessary to put on an extra pair of socks or tights, a warm scarf on the neck, and mittens on the hands.
- Warm drink. In order for the body to maintain internal heat, it is advisable to drink a drink with a warming effect before going out into the cold.
- A complete diet. In winter, the body must receive in full all necessary vitamins and minerals. It is best if the diet contains fatty varieties of marine fish, as well as vegetable oils and nuts.
- Prevention in the house. Do not allow too dry air in the living room. For people prone to allergies, in the winter time it is tedious to abandon the sauna, bath, solarium, pool.
One of the most effective methods of preventing not only allergies, but also other diseases, is hardening. It includes snowing, dousing with cold water, a contrast shower, bathing in the hole, baths for the feet. Each person can choose the best way for himself. To strengthen the vessels of the face, as well as to prepare the skin for exit at cold temperatures, you need to conduct a contrast wash every morning and evening. It is necessary to begin the hardening process in the warm season, when a person is absolutely healthy.
Cold allergies in the hands
Allergies in the hands, as well as on the face, are activated not only in the cold. It will be completely wrong to judge her only by the name cold. In fact, it can manifest itself simply from being slopped in cold water during a hot period of time.
Look at the photo of the appearance of signs on the hands and on the face:
And despite the fact that the disease is called an allergy, with a real allergic manifestation of the body to irritants, they have nothing in common. As you understand, this type of disease appears in response to the influence of physical factors (dampness, cold or frost).
Once again, I want to emphasize that this is a symptom of a somatic disease, which includes diseases associated with the genotype and all disorders in the functioning of internal organs. This may include:
- diseases of the nervous system and parasitic infestations,
- diseases of the respiratory system, heart and blood vessels,
- malfunctions of the stomach, intestines, kidneys and liver,
- all external injuries of the body, burns and injuries,
- infections of internal organs and endocrine diseases.
In the arms of a child, a rash is more often the result of allergic reactions to food. Unfortunately, until the end, medicine still cannot explain the whole mechanism of manifestation of this type of allergy, its mechanism of manifestation is so complicated.
What does the disease look like on the hands. You have already read above about the symptoms and causes, manifestation factors.I would like to add that on the hands the allergy often veils under dermatitis with dry, rough skin, the appearance of small painful cracks and watery vesicles, which merge to form larger ones. These signs are followed by swelling.
Sometimes this type of allergy may be accompanied by additional symptoms of pain in the eyes, itching of the eyelids, secretion of tears, frequent sneezing, shortness of breath and headaches. All of these signs bring a lot of troubles to a person, discomfort and decreased performance.
Hand cold allergy treatment. Treating this type of allergy is similar to eliminating the causes and symptoms of a real allergy. About drugs, medicines read above. You will also see which cream can be used. In addition, you can advise ointment Gistan N and Skin cap, but these are hormonal drugs.
Prevention or Avoiding Cold Allergies
If you are not familiar with this problem, anyway, you can not neglect the rules of prevention. At least in the cold months, it is necessary to moisturize the skin profusely. And dry and oily and mixed skin type, at any time of the year, especially the cold, needs to be moisturized.
Wear gloves, hats and scarves. Prefer natural fabrics. Try not to take a shower before going out.
Wash yourself with mild products, avoid soap, and after washing, be sure to apply cream. The fact is that soap contains alkali and rinses off the beneficial microflora of the skin, exposing it for the harmful effects of the environment.
Watch your diet, limit the use of fried and smoked. The most important thing: do not stay long in the cold air, warm yourself well in winter. After all, a cold allergy can occur literally in everyone, even in infants.
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Causes of the Cold Type of Allergy
In people who are sensitive to temperature extremes and suffering from a cold allergy, frosty air causes an effect on mast cells.
These are cells located on the surface of the skin. They give a signal, and a reaction occurs, accompanied by the release of histamine. The body, experiencing an excess of the aforementioned hormone, responds to this with an allergic reaction.
People who are sensitive to weather extremes should think about what such an organism reaction to lowering the temperature in the surrounding air is and treatment is required.
There is a high probability that in some of the departments of the body there is an ailment, the development of which a person may not be aware of.
Eliminating the symptoms of a cold reaction is not enough. It is recommended to get rid of the root cause of the disease.
The main causes of the cold type of allergy that can lead to complications are the following factors:
- chronic pathologies that a person has suffered for a long time: sinusitis, sinusitis, caries or tonsillitis,
- disruptions in the functioning of the endocrine system,
- weakening of the immune system is often triggered by the presence of helminths in the human body,
- pathology of the kidneys, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and other organs,
- colds, stress and oncology,
- hereditary predisposition
- infectious diseases, which include: chickenpox, mumps and pneumonia,
- already existing problems with an allergic reaction to external irritants: dust, animal hair or pollen,
- long-term use of drugs belonging to the category of antibiotics.
Related article: Allergy during pregnancy: effects on the fetus
Rarely, but there are precedents in which the aforementioned type of allergic cold reaction is genetically predisposed.Intolerance to the cold form of allergies is sometimes manifested in children if one of the parents had similar problems.
Most often, a cold form of allergy does not occur from the cold, but is provoked by windy weather. Its main symptom is not itching, but burning of the skin.
According to the above factors, it becomes clear that many people are at risk. Therefore, it is impossible to exclude the possibility of acquiring a cold type of allergy. With such symptoms, treatment is needed.
Predisposing factors of allergies sometimes become banal changes in temperature conditions. For example, a person moves from one room to another or goes outside.
The release of histamine can cause contact with supercooled water. This situation may occur when leaving the pool or while swimming in the open water. Some people have problems washing their dirty dishes daily.
Facial allergies in adults - causes
Allergic dermatitis on the face can occur due to many factors. The first symptoms, such as itching and rash, are quite abstract in nature, and cannot indicate with absolute accuracy the source of the reaction.
Therefore, if there is an allergy on the face, its causes are difficult to determine without appropriate research.
Food allergic dermatosis is most often triggered by protein foods.
The most common allergens:
Symptoms usually appear between a couple of minutes to two hours after eating. In severe cases, they can occur even from the smell of the product. With hypersensitivity to certain products, an allergy may appear on the cheeks in the form of swelling, itching and urticaria.
More dangerous consequences can be swelling of the mucosa, anaphylactic shock, and loss of consciousness. The most effective treatment in this case will be a complete rejection of foods that cause an allergic reaction.
The reaction to the silicone case from the phone
This type of allergic dermatitis manifests itself in contact with an irritant that causes a response.
What can cause contact irritation:
- Plants - for example, allergic dermatosis may appear due to face cream, if it contains herbs,
- Metals - the most allergic ones are those in stainless steel,
- Preservatives and stabilizers - contained in cosmetic preparations,
The defeat manifests itself in young - middle age and is much less often recorded in children. Exposure to an allergen can be manifested in facial flushing, itching, peeling and dry skin, in more complex cases, there is a fever, migraine and chills.
Physical Exposure Allergy
An allergic rash on the face can be caused by physical exposure, it can be:
- cold - cold allergies on the face usually look like urticaria and are accompanied by a runny nose.
- fever - sensitivity to heat is accompanied by excessive sweating.
- water and etc.
Allergic rashes can be presented not only in the form of a rash, but also as red, itchy spots and blisters.
Allergy to insect bites
Quincke's edema and allergies to the cheeks may be a symptom of hypersensitivity to insect bites. If this type of allergic reaction appears, then most likely it will never pass. Its danger lies in the fact that on the face it manifests itself not only in the form of dermatitis.
The poison and insect mica can provoke Quincke's edema, which in the absence of urgent measures leads to rapid death by suffocation.
Symptoms of the disease:
- Local - occur only at the site of the bite - burning, itching, pain, swelling, redness and tightening.
- Generalized - urticaria, runny nose, general weakness, shortness of breath, fainting, and lowering blood pressure.
- Environmental issues and air pollution can lead to an increased immune response to irritants.
- Hereditary pathology.
- The use of convenience foods and exotic products not previously known to the body.
- Frequent relocations and adaptation to new climatic conditions, new infectious and nutritional environmental factors can cause immunity to work to the maximum and manifest itself in the form of dermatitis.
- Excessive hygiene, which destroys the microflora of the dermis.
When is manifested
Symptoms of a cold allergy usually occur after exposure to skin temperatures below 4 degrees Celsius. Signs of the disorder can also occur due to a strong cold wind or after taking a cold shower. An allergic reaction can provoke not only frosty weather, but also a stay in cold water, under air conditioning or even the use of cold food or drinks. In most cases, the signs of allergies go away by themselves, without creating much trouble for the person. However, if the reaction occurs very often and proceeds with severe symptoms, it is necessary to visit an allergist.
An immune disorder of this type can occur at any age, but most often allergies to cold are diagnosed in young people (18-25 years old). In addition, the researchers found that the reaction more often affects women (in 70% of cases) than men. What is the reason for the gender factor is still unknown.
Cold allergy: what is it?
People who are faced with the body's response to freezing air often ask: what is a cold allergy? According to external signs, a cold allergy resembles a lesion of the body by a provoking factor, but in fact there is no allergen with such a skin lesion.
Dampness, frost and cold weather are factors that can trigger sensitization or sensitivity, leading to cold allergies.
A person who has a cold allergy is interested in how to distinguish a reaction to cold, and how to treat its symptoms. First of all, before treatment, you need to know what a cold allergy is, symptoms and how to recognize it.
A person who cares for health should know what a cold allergy is, symptoms and treatment of this unpleasant problem. For a long time, medicine did not recognize cold allergies, since there was no allergen in the cold form of skin lesions with allergies, but over time, studies showed a different fact.
When exposed to a provoking source, that is, frost, on the body, a sharp release of histamine begins in it, leading to allergies. As a result, the symptoms characteristic of a cold allergy appear: swelling of the limbs, itching in the body and the gradual expansion of blood vessels. This is the response of skin receptors to dampness and frost where treatment is required.
The treatment of this disease is carried out by an allergist, therefore it is precisely this specialist who should be consulted on the choice of drugs. Symptoms of the common cold can be treated with conventional rhinorrhea medications, and with the help of special medicines, for example, aimed at eliminating swelling, itching, cold reactions.
More often these are antihistamines. Also, therapy is aimed at strengthening the walls of blood vessels, increasing immunity and resistance of the body. With dermatitis in the cold, areas of the body with rashes or peeling are treated with creams of liquid consistency and ointments against allergies.
With a cold, the doctor will prescribe treatment, because with this type of snot, many drops will not be effective.
Many people think that rhinitis in the cold can not be a serious illness, but if this problem is left untreated, it can cause serious consequences. Some scientists from America are sure that this disease, if left untreated, can trigger a heart attack.Based on statistics: mortality from cardiac arrest most often occurs in winter.
Taking antihistamines is an essential part of treating a cold. With allergic rhinitis that occurs against a background of hypothermia, help like:
- Tsetrina and the like.
Cetrin is an antihistamine that does not cause such a side effect as drowsiness. This allows you to use it without giving up driving.
To remove the unpleasant symptoms that the eyes are subject to with this type of runny nose, you can use the tool in the form of eye drops. Albucid is good.
Manifestations of a human allergy
Types of allergies on the face:
- Allergy to the face in the form of red spots (erythema) - most often in this case, the cause is food, cold and cosmetics containing allergen.
- Rash (papules, pustules, blisters, vesicles) - occur with urticaria, insect bites, contact and atopic dermatitis.
- Red cheeks - an allergy of this kind most often occurs in young children after the introduction of a bait mixture into the diet, a decrease in its concentration, as a rule, solves the problem.
- Swelling on the face from allergies (Quincke's edema) - one of the most universal and dangerous symptoms, it can be caused by drug allergies, foods, plant pollen, wool and much more. It manifests itself very quickly, in the absence of immediate intervention, it can go to the throat and lead to suffocation and death.
- Scabs, flakes, erosion and eczema - secondary types of rash, manifested with prolonged absence of treatment or a chronic form of autoimmune reaction.
- Other manifestations - urticaria, cough, sneezing, pain in the eyes and runny nose.
What to avoid
To prevent the onset of symptoms, it is recommended to avoid the influence of the following factors:
- frequent contact with cold media
- eating foods and taking medications that increase allergy symptoms,
- stressful situations.
Cold allergy is a rather unpleasant pathology, which can be accompanied by dangerous complications.
In order not to aggravate the situation, with the appearance of symptoms of an ailment, you should immediately consult a doctor who will choose an effective therapy.
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What is cold rhinitis
Runny nose appears under the influence of many factors, including cold. It causes inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Discharge from the nose during a sharp change in temperature in medicine is called cold rhinitis.
Most doctors call the pathology an allergic rhinitis.
Some experts consider the disease a manifestation of vasomotor rhinitis, when the vessels react to adverse factors.
The disease is often manifested in residents of large cities. People in rural areas do not suffer from this pathology. Some experts associate cold rhinitis with an unfavorable environment. The disease is more susceptible to children aged 1–5 years and young women under 26 years of age.
The nasal cavity consists of three shells - the upper, middle and lower. They protect the mucous membrane from viruses, dust and bacteria. Another important function of the nasal concha is the heating or cooling of the air that a person inhales.
A sharp temperature drop triggers the formation of mucus in the nose to protect the mucosa from external factors. The nasal fluid thickens, which prevents foreign agents from entering the nose.
In allergy sufferers, the mucous membrane is constantly inflamed. When temperatures are low, the nasal concha produce an abnormal amount of protective mucus, so a colorless liquid constantly flows out of the nose. This forms a cold in the cold.
What is dangerous
Allergic rhinitis in the cold leads to the fact that the mucous membrane becomes inflamed and edema develops.This can lead to closure of the anastomoses. As a result of the pathological process, sinusitis develops.
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Allergic rhinitis is manifested not only by inhalation of air, but also when cold water comes into contact with the skin. Possible consequences of such a cold include:
- urticaria or dermatitis,
- asthma attacks
- sinusitis infectious or chronic,
What it is
Cold urticaria is a skin allergy to exposure to cold, which is accompanied by itchy red wounds, such as rashes, rashes, blisters, or sores. Sometimes the wounds have a pink tint. Classifier code for cold urticaria L50.2 according to the ICD-10 directory. The disease may be accompanied by symptoms of varying severity.
What is cold urticaria
Some patients experience minor reactions to exposure to the cold, which are almost imperceptible, while others, on the contrary, notice serious symptoms.
One of the most common causes of cold allergies is swimming in cold water. In addition to skin reactions, patients may experience symptoms such as decreased blood pressure, general malaise, or even fainting. In some cases, patients experience coughing fits and headaches.
Symptoms of cold urticaria are very similar to the manifestations of dermatitis
Note! According to statistics, young patients are most often faced with cold urticaria. And symptoms, as a rule, can manifest themselves over several years, giving a person a lot of discomfort.
Causes of urticaria
An allergic reaction to cold can also occur in people with cholinergic, drug, food, and other forms of urticaria. In such cases, under the influence of several irritating factors at once, the course of the disease may become complicated and other symptoms are added to the characteristic symptoms.
Causes of Cold Urticaria
The causative factors contributing to the development of cold urticaria include:
- taking certain groups of medicines, for example, corticosteroids or antibiotics,
- the appearance of worms (helminths),
- the impact of an unfavorable environmental situation,
- severe stress
- nervous or emotional strain,
- previously transferred pathologies of a viral nature.
Why does a cold allergy occur?
On a note! The development of cold urticaria is often associated with the appearance of malignant tumors or chronic pathologies of the endocrine system and gastrointestinal tract.
Causes of Cold Urticaria (Cold Allergy)
An allergic reaction may appear against the background of some diseases. These include:
- Filatov’s disease,
- systemic lupus erythematosus or Liebman's disease,
- sinusitis (inflammation of the maxillary sinuses),
- dental caries
- pneumonia (pneumonia),
Cold Urticaria Diseases
The presence of bad habits, hypovitaminosis and an unbalanced diet - all this can also cause the development of cold urticaria.
Treatment with folk remedies for cold rhinitis as an independent therapy can only alleviate the symptoms. And in combination with medical treatment contributes to a speedy recovery. The folk methods include taking decoctions, infusions, which reduce the allergic reactions of the body and strengthen its general condition:
- The decoctions and infusions of chamomile, sage, fennel, rose hip, horsetail, and yarrow have proven themselves well. You need to take herbs-based products 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals.
- In the first three days of treatment, they drink a fennel broth, after - a St. John's wort broth.After 6 days, it is necessary to drink a course of broth of wild rose for 10 days.
- Yarrow has an effective antiallergic effect. In order to get a decoction, you need to insist 1 tablespoon of the dried plant for one hour, pouring it with 200 ml of water. To obtain a therapeutic result, a decoction is taken in a quarter cup, 3 times a day.
- The infusion of horsetail has the same effect. The course is 1 month, every day before breakfast you need to drink 1 glass of infusion.
- In the nasal passage, you can instill a product based on aloe juice, celery and carrots. Inhalations from eucalyptus and sage will help ease breathing and relieve irritation from the nasal mucosa.
- Compotes from currants, cranberries, rose hips will help increase immunity and saturate the body with vitamin C. To strengthen immunity, you can drink a decoction of raspberry roots. You need to start taking it a couple of months before the onset of cold weather, and with constant use you can cure the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
- A bath with coniferous broth has a strengthening effect. The branches need to be soaked and boiled. After the broth is filtered and poured into water.
It is carried out with vascular diseases, the common manifestation of which is an abnormal reaction to cold. The range of clinical severity of these diseases is wide: from harmless functional disorders (acrocyanosis) to severe conditions (Raynaud's phenomenon).
|Marble leather||no treatment required|
|Raynaud's phenomenon||treatment of the underlying disease|
For acrocyanosis, marbled skin and the Raynaud phenomenon, important measures are protection from the cold (mittens, clutches, heated pockets) and the prohibition of smoking. Warm hand baths are recommended twice a week.
The basic principle of hypoallergenic nutrition is the exclusion from the diet of foods that may be a potential cause of allergic red spots on the face.
How to remove signs of an allergic reaction using nutrition:
- Seafood should be excluded, processed dairy products, smoked and pickled foods, seasonings, coffee, vegetables and fruits of red and orange colors, cheese, eggs, dried fruits, mushrooms and sweets.
- You can eat dairy products, lean meat and fish, cereals on the water, green vegetables and fruits, dry cookies and bread rolls.
- Food must be balanced and contain the necessary set of BZHU (proteins, fats and carbohydrates) and calories for the normal functioning of the body.
- Divide meals 5-6 times a dayThus, it is possible to remove the load from the digestive tract and increase the digestibility of products.
- Steaming is Better or use in boiled form.
- Frequent fluid intake - An effective method of cleansing the body and removing allergens.
Follow such a diet for 2-3 weeks, then gradually add new products, when an allergic reaction manifests itself again with the introduction of a product, we can conclude that it is its cause.
There is an easier way - you can contact an allergist who will conduct the necessary studies and identify the allergen.
How does the disease manifest
Cold urticaria may occur over several years. According to statistics, in every third clinical case, the symptoms of the disease are completely resolved only after 5-8 years.
An experiment with a piece of ice and urticaria
If the human body begins to atypically respond to low temperatures, cold allergies can be identified by symptoms.
Rules to follow
- Dress warmer when you go for a walk. Do not neglect the advice of friends and relatives: it is really better to wind several scarves than to suffer from terrible skin rashes later.
- Do not breathe through your mouth or lick your lips. Accustom yourself to the fact that outside the house you can breathe only through the nose. Breathe in at the usual pace, in no case should you inhale the air deeply.
- Before going out, drink some warming drink - tea or cocoa.
- Watch what you eat. The diet should be balanced, then the immunity will only increase, and the disease will recede over time. Add more nuts, fish, vitamins to the menu.
- Strengthen and temper your body gradually, starting in the summer. And then you will transfer the cold season many times easier.
- Also, before going out, lubricate your face with any oily cream. For lips you need to use hygienic lipstick.
Your health is up to you. Therefore, it is important to start treatment in a timely manner so as not to trigger an allergy and not allow it to control your life.